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The Progress of Education Reform - Secondary STEM Education PDF - The next generation of Americans will likely require a solid grounding in mathematics and science for their creativity to be maximized in a world increasingly dependent on technological advances for prosperity and security. As the majority of Americans do not earn a postsecondary degree, it is essential that students be given this solid grounding during the elementary and secondary years. (Kyle Zinth, Education Commission of the States, July 2008)...

A Synthesis of Recommendations for Improving U.S. Science and Mathematics Education MS Word PDF - The year 2005 saw a number of reports calling for actions to ensure the future economic vitality of the United States, frequently through the improvement of science and mathematics education. This trend will likely continue into 2006 as policymakers at the state and federal levels look for ways to ensure the United States remains economically competitive and secure in the emerging 21st century economy. This document provides a brief summary of the major recommendations of six relevant reports. (Kyle Zinth, Education Commission of the States, February 2006)...

Science and Engineering Indicators: 2010 - Science and Engineering Indicators, published by the National Science Board, provides a broad base of quantitative information on the U.S. and international science and engineering enterprise. (National Science Foundation, January 2010)...

STEM Coursetaking Among High School Graduates, 1990-2005 - Educators and experts in technical fields have expressed concern about the academic preparation of U.S. students in STEM fields. Using data from NAEP Transcript Study, this brief compares STEM coursetaking among 2005 high school graduates with that of 1990 and 2000 graduates. Graduates from the class of 2005 earned more credits in advanced mathematics, advanced science and engineering, and STEM-related technical courses than did their 1990 peers. Gains were found across gender, racial/ethnic groups, and community types. (MPR Associates Inc., December 2009)...

Steady As She Goes? Three Generations of Students Through the Science and Engineering Pipeline - What might explain the loss of high-performing students from the STEM pipeline? This analysis strongly suggests that students are not leaving STEM pathways because of lack of preparation of ability. Instead, it suggests we look at whether the future in a STEM job is attractive. Maybe better pay or a more stable professional career is the issue. (Institute for the Study of International Migration at Georgetown University, October 2009)...

Review the Effect of State High School Graduation Requirements on Student Preparation for Postsecondary Education and the Workforce - During the 2009 Legislative Session, a bill was filed to increase the rigor of math and science courses required for high school graduation in Florida. The bill did not pass. Concerns were raised as to whether the state had educators certified in mathematics and science in numbers sufficient to cover increased enrollment in more rigorous courses. Concerns were also raised as to whether the state could adequately fund the professional development for teachers necessary to enhance mathematics and science instruction in the classroom. It is anticipated that efforts to raise the high school graduation requirements will be proposed for the 2010 Legislative Session. (Florida Senate, October 2009)...

Opportunity Equation: Transforming Mathematics and Science Education for Citizenship and the Global Economy - Excellent mathematics and science learning for all American students will be possible only if we "do school differently" in ways that place math and science at the center of the educational enterprise. The Commission has crafted a comprehensive program of action that will require commitments from many quarters--from the federal government to unions. A detailed set of recommendations lays out a practical and coordinated plan. (Carnegie Corporation of New York, June 2009)...

A Special Report: Launching the 21st Century American Aerospace Workforce - This report from the aerospace industry promotes the need to convince more students to study math and science and makes proposals to senior policymakers to improve those education disciplines. The new report documents steps the industry is taking to head off a potential workforce crisis and makes nine policy recommendations to government partners. The report, a follow-up to an analysis released earlier this year, details the goals and actions the industry must take to meet the challenge. (Aerospace Industries Association, December 2008)...

Next Frontier: World-Class Math and Science Education for Texas - Findings and recommendations offering critical steps to solve and math and science education crisis facing Texas. (The Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas, December 2008)...

A National Action Plan for Addressing the Critical Needs of the U.S. Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Education System - In this action plan the National Science Board - established by Congress in 1950 - identifies priority actions that should be taken by all stakeholders, working together cooperatively, to achieve measurable improvements in the nation’s STEM education system. (The National Science Foundation, October 2007)...

Report of the Academic Competitiveness Council - This report presents the findings and recommendations of the Academic Competitiveness Council. The Council carried out a year-long effort with officials from federal agencies to assess programs aimed at improving America's competitiveness in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. (U.S. Department of Education, May 2007) ...

Addressing the STEM Challenge by Expanding Specialty Math and Science High Schools - Much attention has lately centered on the issue of American competitiveness in a global economy requiring workers with a quality education in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) subjects. This report argues that the role of specialty mathematics and science schools has been overlooked, and that funding the expansion of these specialty schools must be an important part of any solution to the STEM challenge. The report recommends tripling enrollment in math and science high schools to reach 140,000 by 2012. (Robert Atkinson, Janet Hugo, Dennis Lundgren, Martin Shapiro, and Jerald Thomas, Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, March 2007)...

America’s Perfect Storm: Three Forces Changing Our Nation’s Future - The confluence of three powerful forces, according to this report, will lead to greater inequity and polarization within the U.S. or to an opportunity for continued prosperity. The forces include: 1) a wide disparity in literacy and numeracy skills among school-age and adult populations; 2) a changing and more global economy; and 3) a growing and more diverse population.(Educational Testing Service, January 2007) ...

Improving Mathematics and Science Education - Learn from mistakes. That's good advice, whether coming from business gurus or seasoned parents. But it is advice rarely applied in the typical elementary mathematics lesson. Teachers can modify how the usually teach and significantly boost students' achievement. (WestEd, January 2007)...

Transforming the Recruitment, Retention, and Renewal Of Our Nation's Mathematics and Science Teaching Workforce - This report addresses the critical shortage of high quality mathematics and science teachers, the lack of which threatens the strength, innovation and productivity of America's economy. The report proposes a comprehensive action plan to elevate the status of the teaching profession and focuses on transforming three key components that contribute to a robust, world-class teaching workforce: recruitment, retention and renewal. (Business Higher Education Forum, 2007) ...

S&E Doctorates Hit All-Time High in 2005 - In 2005, total doctorate awards in science and engineering (S&E) increased for the third year in a row, up to 27,974, surpassing the previous all-time high from 1998 (27,273). Several demographic groups (women, non-U.S. citizens and U.S. citizen Asians and underrepresented minorities) also received record numbers of S&E doctorates in 2005. Post-9/11, there is little evidence of a decline in the number of or growth in noncitizens earning S&E doctorates from U.S. institutions. There was a slight drop in 2002, but that was also true for U.S. citizens. For the entire period from 2001 to 2005, S&E doctorates awarded to noncitizens increased by 25% and accounted for virtually all of the overall growth in S&E doctorate awards during the period. (National Science Foundation, November 2006) ...

A Summary of Math and Science Education and United States Competitiveness: Does the Public Care? - The competitiveness of the United States in the global economy has been the backbone for concern about math and science education and the move to improve public school education to gain higher levels of proficiency in those areas. This study investigates public opinion and college and university roles around expectations about the United States’ ability to maintain its competitive edge in the global environment. It provides some fascinating views held by the survey respondents, such as the biggest reason for students’ avoidance of math and science is level of difficulty. (Solutions for our Future, September 2006)...

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Trends and the Role of Federal Programs - Although the United States is a world leader in scientific and technological innovation, concerns have recently been raised about the nation's ability to maintain its global technological competitive advantage in the future. This paper discusses U.S. trends in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics in relation to the changing domestic and global economies. Also available online are document highlights. (U.S. Government Accountability Office, May 2006) ...

A Compendium of Best Practice K-12 STEM Education Programs - This compendium offers a sampling of some of the country's exemplary programs that have a track record of helping students, especially girls and minorities, to achieve and participate in STEM. (Bayer Corporation, 2006) ...

Crank Up the Math and Science Engines, Here Comes Economic Development MS Word PDF - In 2005, a growing number of states addressed the issue of economic development. This Stateline provides examples of 2005 state action in several related areas, including: (1) special councils, (2) training for the trades and other work-force needs, (3) high tech and (4) higher education and business partnerships. The article also discusses implications for K-12 schools, noting that, "To the extent that state economic development initiatives emphasize high-tech research and industry, which demand strong science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) skills – the major disciplines supported and promoted by the National Science Foundation – calls to focus on these subjects in schools will rule." (Kathy Christie, Stateline, Phi Delta Kappan, January 2006. Reprinted with permission.)...

Latino Achievement in the Sciences, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics - This brief addresses Latino population growth in the United States and their participation in higher education, particularly in science, technology, engineering and mathematics programs. (Educational Testing Service, 2006) ...

Science and Engineering Indicators: 2006 - This report provides a wealth of information about U.S. science, engineering and technology for use by policymakers and the public. Chapters examine: (1) elementary and secondary education; (2) higher education in science and engineering; (3) the science and engineering labor force; (4) research and development: funds and technology linkages; (5) academic research and development; (6) industry, technology and the global marketplace; (7) science and technology: public attitudes and understanding; and (8) state indicators. Also available online are the appendix tables, found in Volume II. (National Science Foundation, January 2006)...

Framing the Engineering Outsourcing Debate: Placing the United States on a Level Playing Field with China and India - This report argues that recent articles and reports comparing the large numbers of engineers graduating in China and India to the smaller number graduating in the United States are providing an inaccurate or incomplete story. The report concludes that a comparison of like-to-like data suggests that the United States produces a highly significant number of engineers, computer scientists and information technology specialists, and remains competitive in global markets. (Duke University, December 2005)...

Rising Above The Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future - This report provides the top 10 actions – in priority order – that federal policymakers could take to enhance science and technology enterprises to ensure that the United States successfully competes, prospers and is secure in the global community of the 21st Century. Two recommendations focus on actions in K–12 education (10,000 Teachers, 10 Million Minds) and higher education (Best and Brightest). Also provided are a total of 20 implementation steps for reaching the goals set forth in the recommendations. Although primarily aimed at federal policymakers, the authors argue that related actions by policymakers at the state and local levels are equally important for U.S. prosperity. An executive summary also is available. (Free registration required to download the full report in pdf format..) (The National Academies Press, 2005)...

Toward a New Golden Age in American Education: How the Internet, the Law and Today’s Students Are Revolutionizing Expectations - Over the next decade, the United States will face increasing competition in the global economy, an economy that is increasingly technology driven. It is vital to ensuring the economic future of the nation that students are adequately prepared, particularly in the areas of mathematics and science. This report examines why our students are not currently prepared, and provides recommended steps to ensure they will be in the future, examples of schools that are leading the way and state initiatives. The report’s recommendations include: (1) strengthen leadership; (2) consider innovative budgeting; (3) improve teacher training; (4) support e-learning and virtual schools; (5) encourage broadband access; (6) move toward digital content; and (7) integrate data systems. (U.S. Department of Education, January 2005)...

Higher Education: Federal Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Programs, and Related Trends - For many years, the federal government has spent billions of dollars on education programs in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields. This report presents information on (1) the number of federal programs funded in fiscal year 2004 that were designed to increase the number of students and graduates pursuing STEM degrees and occupations or improve educational programs in STEM fields, and what agencies report about their effectiveness; (2) how the numbers, percentages and characteristics of students, graduates and employees in STEM fields have changed over the years; and (3) factors cited by educators and others as affecting students’ decisions about pursing STEM degrees and occupations, and suggestions that have been made to encourage more participation. (U.S. Government Accountability Office, October 2005)...

Science and Engineering Indicators 2004: Volume 1 - This report provides a wealth of information about U.S. science, engineering and technology for use by policymakers and the public. Information is presented on: (1) science, mathematics and engineering education at all levels; (2) the scientific and engineering workforce; (3) U.S. and international research and development performance in high technology; and (4) public attitudes and understanding of science and engineering. The report also contains an overview presenting key themes and a chapter on state-level science and engineering indicators. Also available online are the appendix tables, found in Volume 2. (The National Science Foundation, 2004)...

Standing Our Ground: A Guidebook for STEM Educators in the Post-Michigan Era - How can programs in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) ensure diversity after the 2003 U.S. Supreme Court cases setting boundaries on affirmative action? This report offers a primer on affirmative action, and addresses the theoretical and practical issues to consider when designing a racially-diverse STEM program, including (1) institutional mission; (2) program intent, character, target population and context; (3) faculty recruitment and retention; and (4) leadership. Among the observations: the change potentially needed for a diverse STEM program must come from the top down as well as from the bottom up, which in turn requires clear and open communication. Readers may also browse the report by chapter (bottom of page). (Shirley M. Malcom, Daryl E. Chubin and Jolene K. Jesse, American Association for the Advancement of Science and National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering, October 2004)...


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