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P-3 KindergartenFull-Day KindergartenWhat States Are Doing
 What States Are Doing
 Selected Research & Readings

From the ECS State Policy Database: P-3 Kindergarten--Full-Day Kindergarten - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

ECS Kindergarten Policies Database - More than half the states and the District of Columbia have enacted legislation to administer kindergarten entrance assessments as policymakers continue their emphasis on school readiness. This 50-state database covers the waterfront of kindergarten policies, reporting on indicators ranging from compulsory school age to standards to student/teacher ratios. (Emily Workman, Micah Wixom, Education Commission of the States, March 2014)...

3/27/2014--50-state Kindergarten Policies Database PDF...

Inequalities at the Starting Line: State Kindergarten Policies PDF - The Education Commission of the States (ECS) reviewed policies across all 50 states—policies that ECS believes are significant markers in the quality of a state's kindergarten program. The kindergarten report's findings highlight the significant diversity that exists in state kindergarten policies across and within states. The results reveal a system of providing the next generation with high-quality, full-day, everyday kindergarten that is highly unequal across the states. The goal of the report is to illustrate the implications of the presence of such diverse kindergarten policies, to raise questions about the implications of that diversity, and to encourage policymakers to consider the impact their state's policies have on children's future educational success. (Emily Workman, ECS, March 2013)...

Making the Hours Count: Exposing Disparities in Early Education by Retiring Half-Day vs. Full-Day Labels - Nobody knows how many hours children in pre-K and kindergarten spend in school because of widely varying definitions of full-day and half-day. One full-day program could be twice as long as another, depending on how many hours in the day and days in the week fall under a district or state definition. Nobody knows what time "dosage" is best for children because half-day and full-day definitions thwart research. The author recommends requiring districts and states to report number of hours per week and year. (Alexander Holt, New America Education, August 2014) ...

Raising Arizona: Lessons for the Nation from a State's Experience with Full-Day Kindergarten - A cautionary tale about what can happen when the availability of free full-day kindergarten is not a statutory obligation, this brief recounts Arizona's kindergarten history. Though the Common Core includes standards for kindergartener learning, the state still does not mandate a full day. The Arizona report ends with lessons for the country, including the power of budget incentives to drive expansion of full-day kindergarten and its vulnerability to cuts if it isn't buttressed by legislation. (CJ Libassi, New America Education Policy Program, February 2014)...

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