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P-3 Teaching Quality/Professional DevelopmentSelected Research & Readings (Additional Resources)
Selected Research & Readings

P-3 Child Care
P-3 Content Standards and Assessment
P-3 Data Systems
P-3 Early Intervention (0-3)
P-3 English Language Learners (ELL)
P-3 Ensuring Quality
P-3 Evaluation/Economic Benefits
P-3 Finance
P-3 Governance
P-3 Grades 1-3
P-3 Health and Mental Health
P-3 International Benchmarking
P-3 Kindergarten
P-3 Parent Engagement
P-3 Preschool
P-3 Principals/Leadership
P-3 Public/Private Partnerships
P-3 Special Ed./Inclusion
P-3 Technology

Learning Together: A Study of Six B.A. Completion Cohort Programs in Early Care and Education - Part of a multi-year study, this report surveys the experiences of students who participated in “cohort programs” that support early childhood professionals pursuing bachelor’s degrees. Students, overall, were pleased with their experiences and felt that the program provided them with confidence in their workplace and boosted their morale. After a year, many expressed interest in pursuing additional degrees beyond the bachelor’s. For the university leaders and staff interviewed, the critical factor contributing to the success is the presence of a leader who has the ability to bring key players, such as the president of the university, faculty, and partners in the community, to create and maintain cohort groups. (Center for the Study of Child Care Employment, 2011)...

Preparing Teachers of Young Children: The Current State of Knowledge and a Blueprint for the Future - This report reviews what is already known about professional development opportunities, particularly analyzing those found in the K-12 system, to present research questions to further improve programs. Two guiding principles are outlined as a basis for future research: teacher effectiveness is a result of many elements, the interaction of which should be examined thoroughly and that the impact of teacher-education and professional-development programs on teacher practice and children’s learning and development warrants more attention. (Center for the Study of Child Care Employment, May 2009)...

Who’s Caring for the Kids?: The Status of the Early Childhood Workforce in Illinois – 2008 - This report documents the changes and trends of the Illinois early childhood workforce since the state was called to make improvements in 2001. The report finds that diversity of the workforce hasn’t changed, education attainment among lead teachers in community-based programs has increased, teacher compensation is still correlated with program location as well as type of center, and alternative certification programs and new workforce policies have emerged that helped increase the supply of early childhood teachers. Finally the report presents several recommendations to further strengthen the workforce. (McCormick Tribune Center for Early Childhood Leadership, 2008)...

What Do We Mean by Professional Development in the Early Childhood Field - This report provides a framework to help trainers and decision-makers determine what is needed to create effective professional development experiences by outlining the “who” (the adult learners and their contexts, including their qualifications, personal backgrounds, and work environment), the “what” (the desired knowledge and skills for the learners to develop and how they are related to research, state policies, and expected child and family outcomes), and the “how” (best practices or research-based methods for professional development). National Professional Development Center on Inclusion, 2008)...

Workforce Designs: A Policy Blueprint for State Early Childhood Professional Development Systems - This report provides a blueprint to states seeking to build and improve their early childhood professional development systems, citing professional standards, career pathways, articulation, advisory structures, data, and financing as major components of a system. The report also asserts the importance of adhering to quality, integration with other policies and with all sectors of the early childhood field, diversity of programs and staff, and compensation parity – four core principles – as a means to create policies around each major component of a professional development system. (National Association for the Education of Young Children, 2008)...

Teacher Education and PK Outcomes: Are We Asking the Right Questions? - This article examines why some studies find little or no relationship between teacher education and children’s outcomes in pre-k. Some reasons cited as possible factors influencing the findings include: variability of quality in teacher education programs, resources available to teachers, management of programs, and exclusion of non-academic outcomes in studies. (Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 2008)...

Ensuring Effective Teaching in Early Childhood Education through Linked Professional Development Systems, Quality Rating Systems and State Competencies - This report highlights the lack of coordination among and ways to link early childhood professional development systems, QRIS initiatives, and states’ policies regarding core competencies for early childhood professionals. (National Center for Research on Early Childhood Education, 2080...

Early Childhood Educator Competencies: A Literature Review of Current Best Practices, And a Public Input Process on Next Steps for California - This report reviews eight of the most common ECE competencies in ten states. Capturing a range of opinions on the eight domains of competencies, the study also reveals some common themes, such as: states’ description of ECE competencies do not focus on working with diversity, competencies should apply to infants and toddlers as well as to pre-k children, assistance and resources needed to realize the competencies must be delivered to the educator, and descriptions of the competencies should be “living documents,” updated and reviewed in accordance with emerging research and knowledge. (Center for the Study of Child Care Employment, 2008)...

The Impact of Teacher Education on Outcomes in Center-Based Early Childhood Education Programs: A Meta-analysis - This meta-analysis of 32 studies of early childhood education programs concludes that, on average, early childhood educators with bachelor’s degrees are associated with increased outcomes when compared with teachers without bachelor’s degrees. (National Institute for Early Education Research, 2007)...

Principles Into Practice: A Teacher’s Guide to Research Evidence on Teaching and Learning - This brief describes seven ingredients to effective teaching practices in the early years and emphasized the need for a highly educated and sophisticated staff. (Teaching & Learning Research Programme; Economic & Social Research Council, June 2007)...

EC E-Learning: A National Review of Early Childhood Education Distance Learning Programs - This report provides insight into distance learning programs and how they relate to early education professionals. About 73 programs were identified, typically housed in four-year colleges, to offer associate’s degrees, with some leading to bachelor’s and/or master’s. The report also outlined common challenges that these programs face when working with early education professionals: lack of basic academic skills and technological know-how, and work and family issues. Finally, a catalog of distance learning programs is also included. (Center for the Child Care Workforce, 2007)...

Pipelines and Pools: Meeting the Demand for Early Childhood Teachers in Illinois - In this report the authors examines strategies to increase the supply of early childhood teachers to meet the demands of planned pre-k expansion in Illinois. (Illinois Education Research Council, 2006)...

Achieving a High-Quality Preschool Teacher Corps: A Focus on California - This issue brief identifies issues related to building a diverse teacher workforce, efforts currently under way, and provides recommendations for creating a highly-trained and diverse preschool workforce in California. (Miriam Calderon, National Council of LaRaza, 2005)...

Selected Research & Readings Current

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