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School Districts Are Reducing Class Size in Several Ways; May Be Able to Reduce Costs - The Florida electorate signaled their desire to reduce class sizes in the state's schools when they amended the state constitution in 2002 under the Class Size Reduction Amendment. This report outlines strategies for Florida school districts to comply with the new policy. (Florida Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability, May 2007)...

Class Size: Counting Students Can Count - This brief summarizes the research on the effects of class size reduction initiatives on student achievement, focusing on the research surrounding Tennessee’s Student/Teacher Achievement Ratio (STAR) and Wisconsin’s Student Achievement Guarantee in Education (SAGE) programs. The research suggests that the modified student and teacher behavior that smaller class size brings about is the factor that results in greater student achievement, but that class sizes must be significantly diminished in order for these benefits to be realized. The brief also examines the costs and methods of financing class size reduction initiatives. Recommendations for state policymakers are also provided. (Research Points, American Educational Research Association, Fall 2003)...

The Relationship between Exposure to Class Size Reduction and Student Achievement in California - California’s large and diverse student population provides an ideal real-world test for the effects of implementing class size reduction (CSR) programs on a large scale. This study examines student achievement data collected between 1998 and 2001 to determine the effects of CSR on student achievement, finding that most students had one of two patterns of exposure to CSR. The analysis finds no strong correlation between achievement and exposure to CSR after controlling for preexisting differences in the two groups. However, the authors conclude that "...we should make the most cautious intepretation that, in the context of a K-3 program of reduced class sizes, a one-year incremental difference in exposure has no effect." (Brian M. Stecher and Delia Bugliari, RAND, November 2003)...

What We Have Learned About Class Size Reduction in California MS Word - This ECS Highlights document summarizes the evaluation of California’s Class Size Reduction (CSR) initiative. The report focuses on policy recommendations for California policymakers and offers broader lessons for developing education policy. (CSR Research Consortium, September 2002)...

Class Size: Can School Districts Capitalize on the Benefits of Smaller Classes? - This Policy Report reviews the latest research on the impact of class size on student achievement and examines several other key topics: the costs of class-size reduction, alternatives to class-size reduction and designing policy for class-size reduction. (ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Spring 2000)...

Class-Size Reduction in California: The 1998-99 Evaluation Findings - This report found that California’s push to reduce the size of classes in the primary grades has yielded small gains in student achievement. But it also has created a shortage of qualified teachers throughout the grades – particularly in schools serving poor and minority children. (CSR Research Consortium, July 2000)...

Class-Size Reduction: Great Hopes, Great Challenges - Brief summary of the benefits and challenges and some recommendations on reducing class sizes. (WestEd, January 2000)...

The Costs and Benefits of Smaller Classes in Wisconsin - This report concluded that Wisconsin needs to reexamine its "impetuous rush" to lower class sizes and think instead about improving the quality of its teachers. The report found that smaller classes of about 15 students helped a small population of students – namely, those in kindergarten and African-American students. Beyond that, the report said, the cost of class-size reduction "is not justifiable." (Thomas Hruz, Wisconsin Policy Research Institute, Inc., September 2000)...

Class-Size Reduction: Lessons Learned from Experience - This policy brief analyzes the experiences of class-size reduction programs across the country. (WestEd, August 1998)...


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