main
community
contact staff ecs twitter facebook
Online Learning--Virtual Schools/CoursesSelected Research & Readings (Additional Resources)
 
  ONLINE LEARNING--VIRTUAL SCHOOLS/COURSES
 
What States Are Doing
Selected Research & Readings
 


Online Learning--Digital/Blended Learning
Postsecondary Online Instruction
Technology


Keeping Pace with K-12 Online Learning: An Annual Review of Policy and Practice - This is the latest of a series of annual reports that began in 2004 that examine the status of K-12 online education across the country. The report provides an overview of the latest policies, practices, and trends affecting online learning programs across all 50 states. (Evergreen Education Group, 2011)...

Keeping Pace with K-12 Online Learning: An Annual Review of Policy and Practice--2010 - This is the latest in a series of annual reports that begin in 2004. The reports examine the status of K-12 online education across the country. The report provides an overview of the latest policies, practices and trends affecting online learning programs across all 50 states. (Evergreen Education Group, November 2010)...

Keeping Pace with K-12 Online Learning: An Annual Review of State-Level Policy and Practice - With the 2009 edition of this annual report, Keeping Pace partnered with the Southern Regional Education Board and the two organizations share the program survey efforts and the resulting data. With supplemental classes and full-time programs, online learning is expanding nationwide. Funding is an important factor in continued growth but so are such state policies as teacher training in online instruction, creating true national standards, allowing teachers to teach across state lines by encouragement of reciprocity and revising accounting standards. (John Watson, Butch Gemin, Jennifer Ryan and Matthew Wicks, November 2009)...

Distance Education at Degree-Granting Postsecondary Institutions: 2006-07--First Look - The 2006-07 study on distance education collected information on the prevalence, types, delivery, policies, and acquisition or development of distance education courses and programs. This report presents key findings of that survey. (Basmat Parsad and Laurie Lewis, Institute of Education Sciences, December 2008)...

Keeping Pace with K-12 Online Learning: A Review of State-Level Policy and Practice - With supplemental classes and full-time programs, online learning is expanding nationwide. Funding is an important factor in continued growth, but so are such policies as teacher training in online instruction, creating true national content standards, allowing teachers to teach across state lines by encouraging reciprocal recognition and revising accounting standards like count dates and seat time that don’t apply to the online environment. (John Watson, Butch Gemin and Jennifer Ryan, North American Council for Online Learning, November 2008)...

Results of the Pilot Survey for SIIA Vision K-20 - Vision K-20 states specific goals for K-20 institutions so they can embrace technology in order to allow educators to teach and learn in ways that were previously impossible, enable educators to be more efficient and effective in teaching and learning, and provide lifelong learning. Between March and June 2008 educators nationwide responded to the pilot survey. The results reveal a number of areas where considerable work still needs to be undertaken. (Software and Information Industry Association, June 2008)...

EC E-Learning: A National Review of Early Childhood Education Distance Learning Programs - This report provides insight into distance learning programs and how they relate to early education professionals. About 73 programs were identified, typically housed in four-year colleges, to offer associate’s degrees, with some leading to bachelor’s and/or master’s. The report also outlined common challenges that these programs face when working with early education professionals: lack of basic academic skills and technological know-how, and work and family issues. Finally, a catalog of distance learning programs is also included. (Center for the Child Care Workforce, 2007)...

20/20 Costs and Funding of Virtual Schools: An Examination of the Costs to Start, Operate and Grow Virtual Schools and a Discussion of Funding Options for States Interested - School finance experts Augenblick, Palaich and Associates (APA) embarked on a year-long project, funded by the BellSouth Foundation, to examine issues related to cost and funding of virtual schools, including the cost of operating and the funding mechanisms to support such schools. This report presents the cost consideration of online programs, a discussion on how schools are funded across the country, and policy issues which must be considered. (Amy Berk Anderson, John Augenblick, Dale DeCesare and Jill Conrad, BellSouth Foundation, October 2006)...

Forum Guide to Elementary/Secondary Virtual Education - This guide provides recommendations for collecting accurate, comparable, and useful data about virtual education in an elementary/secondary education setting. (National Center for Education Statistics, July 2006) ...

Selected Tables from the: 2003-04 Schools and Staffing Survey PDF - Access SASS table displaying the percentage of schools that offered various programs, including distance education, by school type and selected school characteristics: 2003-04. Full report available here. (Gregory A. Strizek, Jayme L. Pittsonberger, Kate E. Riordan, Deanna M. Lyter, Greg F. Orlofsky and Kerry Gruber, National Center for Education Statistics, March 2006)...

Growing by Degrees: Online Education in the United States, 2005 - This is the Sloan Consortium's third annual report on the state of online education in U.S. higher education. The reports are aimed at answering some of the fundamental questions about the nature and extent of online education in the United States. Among the report's findings: (1) almost two-thirds of all schools offering face-to-face courses also offer online courses, and more than 40% of schools offering master's degree programs also offer these programs online; (2) the overall growth rate of online enrollment between Fall 2003 and Fall 2004 was 18.2%; and (3) an increasing majority of most types of schools see online education as key to their long-term strategy. (I. Elaine Allen and Jeff Seaman, The Sloan Consortium, November 2005)...

Survey of Distance Education - This Power Point presentation reports findings from a National Research Center on Rural Education Support survey on distance education. The survey examines: (1) those who use distance education, (2) what courses are offered, (3) what technologies are utilized, (4) the success of the distance education programs, (5) additional needs and (6) barriers. (National Research Center on Rural Education, November 2005)...

Distance Education Courses for Public Elementary and Secondary School Students: 2002-03 - This report provides the first-ever national data on certain aspects of distance education at the elementary and secondary levels. Statistics are provided on enrollments in distance education courses in schools and districts, the instructional level and subject areas courses address, the advanced placement or college-level courses offered through distance education, technologies – online and otherwise – used to deliver distance instruction, the entities providing courses, reasons for having distance education courses and the future direction of such instruction. According to the report, 36% of public school districts had students enrolled in distance education courses. (J. Carl Setzer and Laurie Lewis, National Center for Education Statistics, March 2005)...

Education Evolution: The Need To Keep Pace with Development of K-12 Online Learning - Online learning programs vary significantly from one another in terms of quality, funding, purpose, governance and geographic reach. Using data from a recent study of distance education policies in 11 states, this paper discusses quality, funding, access and equity, accountability and oversight, and research and evaluation data in detail. The brief recommends that states develop state-level guidance specifically for online education programs and implement policies for cyberschools to address students’ special needs. (John F. Watson, Kathy Winograd and Stevan Kalmon with Dixie Griffin Good, North Central Regional Educational Laboratory, December 2004)...

Entering the Mainstream: The Quality and Extent of Online Education in the United States, 2003 and 2004 - Over 1.9 million students were studying online in fall 2003, and schools expect the number of online students to grow to over 2.6 million by fall 2004. This second annual study of the state of online education in U.S. higher education seeks to answer some of the fundamental questions about the nature and extent of online education. The report discusses whether enrollments will continue their rapid growth, the level of satisfaction among students, the role schools see online learning playing in their long-term strategy and the quality of online offerings compared to face-to-face instruction. (I. Elaine Allen and Jeff Seaman, The Sloan Consortium, November 2004)...

Distance Education at Degree-Granting Postsecondary Institutions: 2000–2001 - This study provides current national estimates on distance education at 2-year and 4-year Title IV-eligible, degree-granting institutions. Distance education was defined for this study as education or training courses delivered to remote (off-campus) sites via audio, video (live or prerecorded), or computer technologies, including both synchronous (i.e., simultaneous) and asynchronous (i.e., not simultaneous) instruction. (Tiffany Waits and Laurie Lewis, National Center for Education Statistics, July 2003)...

Considerations for Planning a State Virtual School: Providing Web-Based Courses for K-12 students - This brief from the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) explores the key policy issues that must be addressed when planning to deliver K-12 courses over the Web. The questions include: (1) What courses are needed? (2) How should the state work to eliminate policy barriers to online learning? (3) Should the state coordinate or manage efforts of school districts? (4) Should the state lease or create courses? (5) How will the state’s program for online courses be funded? One major recommendation is that leasing or purchasing courses is the best option for developing programs, since it is less expensive than creating and maintaining a course. (William R. Thomas, SREB, March 2002)...

Distance Education Instruction by Postsecondary Faculty and Staff: Fall 1998 - This report examines the types of postsecondary faculty and staff that are more likely to teach distance education classes. The report also explores how those who taught such classes differed from those who did not in terms of workload, compensation, interaction with students, classroom practices and job satisfaction. Overall, those who taught distance classes had a higher workload than those who did not. They were also more likely to communicate with their students by e-mail and to use Web sites for their classes. (Ellen M. Bradburn, National Center for Education Statistics, February 2002)...

A Vision of E-Learning for America's Workforce - E-learning holds the potential to broaden access to high-quality education and training opportunities and, in turn, boost income growth at all levels. This report provides recommendations to the nation's governors and corporate CEOs in three broad issue areas: (1) creating high-quality e-learning experiences, (2) implementing new measures to certify what e-learning students can do and (3) ensuring equitable access to e-learning opportunities. (Commission on Technology and Adult Learning, June 2001)...

Distributed Education and Its Challenges: An Overview - This report identifies significant issues associated with distance education and electronic learning. The paper is designed to help higher education leaders understand the implications of distance education and electronic learning for their institutions. (Diana G. Oblinger, Carole A. Barone and Brian L. Hawkins, American Council on Education and EDUCAUSE, 2001)...

Virtual High Schools: Part 1 – The Voices of Experience - Online education, particularly at the high school level, is a fast-growing trend in the United States. Through this site, Education World examines four well-established virtual high school programs and offers guidelines for educators who are developing new programs. Part 2 will look at several new and distinctive virtual high schools and examine the concerns of some of the program's critics. The article includes tips for successfully launching a virtual high school program, as well as a substantial list of links to both articles about distance learning and home pages of virtual learning institutions. (Education World, 2001)...

Quality on the Line: Benchmarks for Success in Internet-Based Distance Education - With the rapid worldwide growth of teaching and learning on the Internet, more and more attention is being paid to the nature and quality of online higher education. This report examines case studies of six colleges and universities that provide Internet-based degree programs. The case studies were designed to ascertain the degree to which various measures of quality identified in previous studies are actually being incorporated into the policies, procedures and practices of institutions that are distance education leaders. The final outcome is a list of 24 benchmarks that are essential to ensure quality in Internet-based distance education. These benchmarks may assist policymakers, faculty, students and others in making reasonable and informed judgments with regard to the quality of Internet-based distance education. (Institute for Higher Education Policy, March 2000)...


Selected Research & Readings Current

Print Friendly and PDF

4

Thank you, Issue Site Sponsors
pearson

 
Home  |  About ECS  |  Education Issues A-Z  | Research Studies  |  Reports & Databases  |  State Legislation  |  State Profiles  |  Projects & Institutes  |  Newsroom  |  Website User's Guide


Information provided by ECS combines the best of the most recent and useful research available. Should you have questions, please contact our Information Clearinghouse at 303.299.3675.

700 Broadway, #810 Denver, CO 80203-3442
Phone: 303.299.3600 | Fax: 303.296.8332
 
©2014 Education Commission of the States
www.ecs.org | ecs@ecs.org
Read our privacy policy