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State Superintendents Are Powerful Advocates for the Arts in Education PDF - In this paper – part of the ECS Arts and Minds series – three state school superintendents discuss why they support the arts in education. (Education Commission of the States, May 2006)...

How Creativity, Education and the Arts Shape a Modern Economy PDF - In November 2004, Sir Ken Robinson, senior advisor for education policy at the Getty Foundation in Los Angeles, sat down with Robert(Bob) Morrison, founder and chairman of the Music for All Foundation, to talk about the current state of American education and the role creativity and the arts play in a modern economy. This interview was conducted as part of the ECS' Arts and Minds Series,which features the views of today’s leading thinkers on topics pertaining to the arts in education. (ECS, April 2005)...

Media Paints Arts Education in Fading Light PDF - This analysis examines how the national press portrays arts education and identifies the most common themes covered in news stories. The analysis found that, overall, arts education is presented as losing ground against more urgent educational priorities. Arts education also is viewed in opposition to an increased focus on standardized tests. The report presents several recommendations to assist advocates so they can capitalize on media coverage to promote and protect arts education in schools, including: highlight arts education successes, nationalize the issue, increase and expand the influential voices on arts education, and focus on the value of the arts versus painting a doom-and-gloom scenario. (Douglas Gould & Co., prepared for the Education Commission of the States, 2005) ...

The Arts Are Vital to Young People's Success in School and in Life PDF - Susan Sclafani is assistant secretary for vocational and adult education in the U.S. Department of Education. In a speech given at the Education Commission of the States’ Spring Steering Committee on May 7, 2005, in Little Rock, Arkansas, she discussed how learning in and through the arts is central to fulfilling the No Child Left Behind Act’s goal of improved student achievement. (Education Commission of the States, July 2005)...

The Arts, Education and the Creative Economy PDF - This brochure describes the emergence of the creative economy, the role arts and culture play in economic development, and state examples to promote the creative economy....

Progress of Education Reform 2004: The Arts in Education PDF - This issue of The Progress of Education Reform provides a brief summary of several recent research studies on the role and value of education in the arts, as well as a look at the results of National Assessment of Educational Progress tests in music, visual arts and theater. (Suzanne Weiss, The Progress of Education Reform, vol. 5, no. 1, Education Commission of the States, January 2004)...

Arts Instruction of Public School Students in the First and Third Grades - This issue brief provides a descriptive look at the prevalence of arts instruction received by 1st- and 3rd-grade public school students in their schools. Four areas of the arts are considered in this brief: music; art; dance or creative movement; and theater or creative dramatics. Measures were created to examine changes between grades for students who had arts instruction in at least one grade. (Gregory Kienzl, Grace Boachie-Ansah, Lawrence Lanahan, and Emily W. Holt, National Center for Education Statistics, June 2006) ...

Critical Evidence: How the Arts Benefit Student Achievement - This publication summarizes the benefits of the arts in education and draws heavily on research from Critical Links: Learning in the Arts and Student Academic and Social Development, published by the Arts Education Partnership in 2002. The summary addresses the importance of the arts in schools and their contribution to student achievement and success. The report touches on several issues related to arts in education, including: the role of No Child Left Behind, public support, how studying the arts enhances student's performance in other subjects and develops fundamental learning skills and capacities. For example, study of the arts can strengthen reading, language and math skills, critical thinking, social and civic development and students' motivation toward and engagement in school. (Sandra S. Ruppert, National Assembly of State Arts Agencies and the Arts Education Partnership, March 2006)...

Instructional Focus in First Grade - First grade is generally the first year of mandatory full-day schooling in the United States and is thus, for many students, the first time that they will be attending school in a full-day setting. This Issue Brief details how often per week and how much time per day 1st-graders were instructed in subjects such as reading, mathematics, science and the arts during the 1999-2000 academic year. (National Center for Education Statistics, March 2006)...

Arts for Every Student: Arts Education Resources Initiative - This booklet is part of a Washington State Arts Commission project, the Arts Education Resources Initiative (AERI), which aims to help schools bring high quality arts education to all their students. The booklet and a companion Web site, http://www.arts.wa.gov/AERI.html, offer research-based ideas and support for effective practice, specific action agendas for developing and sustaining high quality arts education, and examples of successful arts education programs. In addition, the authors discuss five elements and attributes of strong arts programs, including curriculum, assessment, teaching capacity, collaboration and scheduling. (Washington State Arts Commission, January 2006) ...

Strengthening Rural Economies Through the Arts - Find out how states are using the "creative economy" to boost economic development in rural areas. (NGA, 8/28/2005)...

Creative Industries 2005: The Congressional Report - The creative industries are a growing sector of the nation’s economy and include both for-profit and nonprofit businesses involved in the creation or distribution of the arts. This report statistically measures the scope and economic size of the arts in terms of the type and number of arts-centric businesses and employees. The 2005 analysis revealed that 578,487 arts-centric businesses exist across the nation and employ 2.965 million individuals. Comparing 2004 to 2005 data, the number of arts-centric businesses grew 5.5% (548,281 to 578,487) as compared to a growth rate of 3.8% for all U.S. businesses (12.8 million to 13.3 million). (Americans for the Arts, March 2005) ...

Arts for Academic Achievement: Summative Evaluation Report - A study of the Arts for Academic Achievement (AAA) program in Minneapolis indicated a significant relationship between arts integrated instruction and improved student performance in reading and mathematics for 3rd through 5th graders, narrowed achievement gaps, and improved student interactions. Teachers adopted more student-focused instruction, expanded their set of instructional strategies, changed perceptions of student capacity, and developed better leadership skills. Integrating arts into the curriculum also helped build stronger relationships within the school and with the community. (Debra Ingram and Karen R. Seashore, Center for Applied Research and Educational Improvement, University of Minnesota, October 2003) ...

Arts and Economic Prosperity: The Economic Impact of Nonprofit Arts Organizations and Their Audiences - Released in 2002, this report reveals that America's nonprofit arts industry generates $134 billion in economic activity every year, including $24.4 billion in federal, state and local tax revenues. The $134 billion total includes $53.2 billion in spending by arts organizations and $80.8 billion in event-related spending by arts audiences. The report is based on 3,000 nonprofit organizations in 91 cities and 33 states, plus the District of Columbia. The full report, summaries, and several data sources can be accessed through the provided link.(Americans for the Arts, 2002)...

Critical Links: Learning in the Arts and Student Academic and Social Development - The academic and social effects of studies in dance, drama, music, visual arts, and multi-arts are summarized in this compendium of 62 studies. Each art form is addressed in its own chapter, with commentary provided throughout and an essay at the end of each section to fully discuss ramifications of the studies. Essayists and commentators argue that the information presented supports the role of arts in helping to develop critical academic skills, and recommend ways to restructure the curricula and instructional practices. (Edited by Richard Deasy, Arts Education Partnership, 2002)...

Envisioning Arts Assessment: A Process Guide for Assessing Arts Education in School Districts and States - This guide provides a step-by-step plan to help states and school districts design and establish their own arts assessments. Part One of the report briefly addresses the history, theory, and values surrounding the assessment movement. The authors stress that, particularly with the rise of the standards-based movement, establishing arts education assessments will help to increase instruction time for the arts. Part Two outlines specific plans and action steps necessary for creating and implementing an assessment program. The authors break the process down into three phases, including: Plan and Clarify, Develop and Generate, and Implement and Model. Finally, the guide includes a complete assessment as an example. (Nancy Pistone, the Arts Education Partnership and the Council of Chief State School Officers, 2002) ...

The Creative Economy - America's Industrial Economy is giving way to the Creative Economy. The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that by 2005, the percentage of workers employed in industry will fall below 20%. But the fields of technology, intellectual property, art and design, and entertainment are booming, as are resources devoted to them. Increasingly, the U.S. economy is based less on physical capital and more on ideas, which can spread and replicate easily and efficiently. Companies and organizations therefore must adapt to the changing demands of the market place to remain competitive. (Business Week, August 28, 2000)...

Schools, Communities, and the Arts: A Research Compendium - The effects of arts education are divided into several broad categories in this collection of studies. Sections include: 1) Broad-based Studies -- evaluating the general effects of arts in education programs; 2) Targeted -- examining results, often with a particular arts discipline (i.e., dance, theater, music) in specific populations of students; 3) Compilations; 4) Attitudes and Public Opinion -- examining student, teacher, parent and community perceptions of the effects of arts in education; and 5) Status Studies -- reporting the prevalence of arts education programs and their perceived value in local economies. (Nancy Welch, with Andrea Greene, et al. and Morrison Institute for Public Policy, Arizona State University, on behalf of the National Endowment for the Arts, June 1995)....


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