main
community
contact staff ecs twitter facebook
CurriculumMathematicsSelected Research & Readings (Additional Resources)
 
  CURRICULUM
 MATHEMATICS
 
 What States Are Doing
 Selected Research & Readings
 Other
 Other Web Sites
 


Curriculum--Science
Economic/Workforce Development
STEM


The Progress of Education Reform - Secondary STEM Education PDF - The next generation of Americans will likely require a solid grounding in mathematics and science for their creativity to be maximized in a world increasingly dependent on technological advances for prosperity and security. As the majority of Americans do not earn a postsecondary degree, it is essential that students be given this solid grounding during the elementary and secondary years. (Kyle Zinth, Education Commission of the States, July 2008)...

A Synthesis of Recommendations for Improving U.S. Science and Mathematics Education MS Word PDF - The year 2005 saw a number of reports calling for actions to ensure the future economic vitality of the United States, frequently through the improvement of science and mathematics education. This trend will likely continue into 2006 as policymakers at the state and federal levels look for ways to ensure the United States remains economically competitive and secure in the emerging 21st century economy. This document provides a brief summary of the major recommendations of six relevant reports. (Kyle Zinth, Education Commission of the States, February 2006)...

Keeping America Competitive: Five Strategies to Improve Mathematics and Science Education PDF - This paper, which is based on the experts’ discussions, includes a brief overview of the importance of math and science education to U.S. global competitiveness and the performance of U.S. students on recent national and international tests. It culminates in five key strategies to policymakers, university leaders, education researchers, and math and science educators. (Charles Coble and Michael Allen, Education Commission of the States, July 2005)...

The Progress of Education Reform: Science and Mathematics Education PDF - This issue of The Progress of Education Reform focuses on what is more and more seen as a major stumbling block to change and improvement: the education, training and classroom practices of the nation’s K-12 science and math teachers. It summarizes recent research on the dimensions, causes and already emerging consequences of the problem, and looks at efforts under way at the national and state levels to address it. (Suzanne Weiss, The Progress of Education Reform, vol. 6, no. 1, Education Commission of the States, December 2004)...

No Time to Waste: The Vital Role of College and University Leaders in Improving Science and Mathematics Education MS Word - This paper focuses on what is increasingly seen as the major stumbling block to fundamental and lasting change – the quantity, quality and classroom practices of science and mathematics teachers – and on what higher-education leaders can and must do address it. (Ted Sanders, Education Commission of the States, October 2004)...

U.S. Math Performance in Global Perspective: How Well Does Each State Do at Producing High-Achieving Students - Maintaining our innovative edge in the world depends on developing a highly qualified cadre of scientists and engineers. To realize that objective requires a system of schooling that produces students with advanced math and science skills. To gauge, U.S. students in the class of 2009 in each of the states and in 10 urban districts were compared to the percentages of high achievers in 56 other countries. Unfortunately, the U.S. students fell well below that of most countries with which the U.S. generally compares itself. (Harvard's Program on Education Policy and Governance, Winter 2010)...

Informing Grades 1-6 Mathematics Standards Development: What Can Be Learned From High-Performing Hong Kong, Korea and Singapore? - AIR chose the three Asian countries because of their high performance on the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) assessments. The analysis finds a number of features that can inform an international benchmarking process for the development of K–6 mathematics standards in the United States. (American Institutes for Research, December 2009)...

The Nation's Report Card: Mathematics 2009--Trial Urban District Assessment - Results from the 2009 NAEP Trial Urban District Assessment make it possible to compare the performance of students in urban districts to public school students in the nation and large cities (i.e. cities with populations of 250,000 or more). Changes in students' performance over time can also be seen for those districts that participated in earlier assessments. (National Center for Education Statistics, 2009)...

Mathematics Learning in Early Childhood: Paths Toward Excellence and Equity - This book is based on the National Research Council’s original research of “teaching-learning paths” and describes the four stages of learning core math concepts from ages two to seven. It offers nine policy recommendations to improve math teaching in early childhood. (National Research Council, 2009)...

Encouraging Girls in Math and Science - This practice guide formulates specific and coherent evidence-based recommendations that educators can use to encourage girls in the fields of mathematics and science. The target audience is teachers and other school personnel with direct contact with students, such as coaches, counselors and principals. The practice guide includes specific recommendations or educators and the quality of evidence that supports these recommendations. (Diane Halpern, Joshua Aronson, Nona Reimer, Sandra Simpkins, Jon Star and Kathryn Wentzel, Institute for Education Science, September 2007)...

Addressing the STEM Challenge by Expanding Specialty Math and Science High Schools - Much attention has lately centered on the issue of American competitiveness in a global economy requiring workers with a quality education in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) subjects. This report argues that the role of specialty mathematics and science schools has been overlooked, and that funding the expansion of these specialty schools must be an important part of any solution to the STEM challenge. The report recommends tripling enrollment in math and science high schools to reach 140,000 by 2012. (Robert Atkinson, Janet Hugo, Dennis Lundgren, Martin Shapiro, and Jerald Thomas, Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, March 2007)...

Improving Mathematics and Science Education - Learn from mistakes. That's good advice, whether coming from business gurus or seasoned parents. But it is advice rarely applied in the typical elementary mathematics lesson. Teachers can modify how the usually teach and significantly boost students' achievement. (WestEd, January 2007)...

Accelerating Remedial Math Education: How Institutional Innovation and State Policy Interact - One of the most pressing challenges facing community colleges is improving outcomes for students who place into developmental math courses. This policy brief looks at efforts in three community colleges, two of which are Achieving the Dream institutions, to revamp their remedial math programming. It focuses on the ways in which state and system policies interact with institutional reform efforts—and how policies can either support or slow institutional change. (Radha Roy Biswas, Jobs for the Future, 2007)...

Important, but Not for Me: Parents and Students in Kansas and Missouri Talk About Math, Science and Technology Education - There is growing consensus among the nation's leaders that unless schools do more to train and nurture a whole new generation of young Americans with strong skills in math, science and technology, U.S. leadership in the world economy is at risk. This report finds that just 25% of Kansas/Missouri parents think their children should be studying more math and science; 70% think things "are fine as they are now." The report also explains why parents and students are so complacent in this area and what kinds of changes might be helpful in building more interest in and support for more rigorous mathematics, science and technology courses. (Alison Kadlec, Will Friedman and Amber Ott, Public Agenda, 2007)...

Preparation Gap: Teacher Education for Middle School Mathematics in Six Countries - This report explores the results of a study of the mathematics content knowledge and pedagogy knowledge of students at the end of their teacher education programs in six countries: Korea, Taiwan, Bulgaria, Germany, Mexico and the United States. The results show important differences between students among the countries in terms of their knowledge of mathematics content as well as their knowledge of mathematics pedagogy. (Michigan State University Center for Research in Mathematics and Science Education, 2007)...

Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA) Results in Mathematics and Reading - The results from the National Assessment of Educational Progress TUDA makes it possible to compare the performance of students in participating urban school districts to that of public school students in the nation, in large central cities and to each other. Reports are available in mathematics and reading. Depending on when each district began participating in TUDA, results are available for comparison to 2002, 2003 and 2005. (National Center for Education Statistics, 2007)...

Curriculum Focal Points for Prekindergarten through Grade 8 Mathematics - Across the nation – at the state and district level – there is a wide variety of mathematics curriculum standards, with little consensus on the placement or emphasis of topics within specific grade levels. This report argues that a focused, coherent mathematics curriculum with a national scope has the potential to ease the impact of widely varying learning and assessment expectations on both students and teachers who relocate. This report describes an approach to curriculum development that focuses on areas of emphasis within each grade from prekindergarten through 8th grade. (National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 2006) ...

Improving Mathematics and Science Education: A Longitudinal Investigation of the Relationship Between Reform-Oriented Instruction and Student Achievement - Reform-oriented teaching describes a collection of instructional practices that are designed to engage students as active participants in their own learning and to enhance the development of complex cognitive skills and processes. This report presents the findings of a multiyear National Science Foundation-funded study of the effectiveness of reform-oriented science and mathematics instruction. It builds on an earlier RAND study, called the Mosaic project, which found “a weak but positive relationship” between reform-oriented practices and student achievement. This study – called Mosaic II – extends the earlier research in two important ways. First, it incorporates more-diverse indicators of student exposure to reform-oriented practices, including innovative, vignette-based measures. Second, it follows students for three years in order to measure the relationship after longer exposure to reform practices. Also available is a document summary. (Vi-Nhuan Le, Brian M. Stecher, J. R. Lockwood, Laura S. Hamilton, Abby Robyn, Valerie L. Williams, Gery Ryan, Kerri A. Kerr, Jose Felipe Martinez and Stephen P. Klein, RAND, September 2006) ...

Lessons from a Decade of Mathematics and Science Reform: The Local Systemic Change through Teacher Enhancement Initiative - This report presents the findings from a comprehensive study of the content-focused teacher professional development. Results are based upon ten years of data, including questionnaires, observations and interviews with teachers of science, mathematics, and/or technology engaged in the National Science Foundation-supported Local Systemic Change through Teacher Enhancement Initiative. (Eric R. Banilower, Sally E. Boyd, Joan D. Pasley and Iris R. Weiss, Horizon Research Inc., February 2006) ...

Are Parents and Students Ready for More Math and Science? - Many business, education and government leaders have recently been advocating for major education reform, particularly as it pertains to improving mathematics and science achievement in the nation's schools. This report examines results from a recent survey of the attitudes of parents and students in public schools, with accompanying charts examining results in the following areas: (1) just how much harder should high school be, (2) are the problems social or academic, (3) many parents are complacent about science and math education, (4) many students are lukewarm to math and science, (5) are high school girls less interested and (6) minority students see math and science as essential. (Jean Johnson, Ana Maria Arumi, Amber Ott and Michael Hamill, Public Agenda, January 2006)...

Rising Above The Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future - This report provides the top 10 actions – in priority order – that federal policymakers could take to enhance science and technology enterprises to ensure that the United States successfully competes, prospers and is secure in the global community of the 21st Century. Two recommendations focus on actions in K–12 education (10,000 Teachers, 10 Million Minds) and higher education (Best and Brightest). Also provided are a total of 20 implementation steps for reaching the goals set forth in the recommendations. Although primarily aimed at federal policymakers, the authors argue that related actions by policymakers at the state and local levels are equally important for U.S. prosperity. An executive summary also is available. (Free registration required to download the full report in pdf format..) (The National Academies Press, 2005)...

NAEP 2005 Mathematics and Reading Trial Urban District (TUDA) Results - The TUDA is a special project in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) assessing academic performance in selected large urban districts. Eleven districts participated in the 2005 NAEP reading and mathematics assessments, and in December 2005, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) released reports containing results of the reading and mathematics assessments. Also available online are snapshots of participating districts for reading and mathematics. (NCES, December 2005)...

The Nation’s Report Card: Mathematics 2005 - This report presents results of the National Assessment of Educational Progress 2005 4th- and 8th-grade mathematics assessments. Results are disaggregated by a number of factors, including race, gender, geographic location, highest level of parents' education, type of school and eligibility for free or reduced-price lunch. The 2005 achievement levels also are compared to previous test years. Also available are state snapshot reports."NAEP Mathematics 2005 State Snapshot Reports" (Marianne Perie, Wendy S. Grigg and Gloria S. Dion, National Center for Education Statistics, October 2005)...

The Nation's Report Card: Mathematics 2003 - This report presents results of the National Assessment of Educational Progress 2003 4th- and 8th-grade mathematics assessments. Results are disaggregated by a number of factors, including race, gender, geographic location, highest level of parents' education, type of school and eligibility for free or reduced price lunch. The report finds that the average 4th- and 8th-grade mathematics scores were higher in 2003 than in all previous assessment years. (James S. Braswell, Gloria S. Dion, Mary C. Daane and Ying Jin, National Center for Education Statistics, July 2005)...

Handbook for Enhancing Strategic Leadership in the Math and Science Partnerships - The Math and Science Partnership (MSP) program’s purpose is to achieve deep, meaningful and sustained changes in mathematics and science education in participating school districts, institutions of higher education and other core partners. This report includes sections on (1) designing and implementing MSP interventions, (2) garnering support for key stakeholders, (3) aligning policy, (4) scaling up interventions and (5) pulling it all together. (Iris R. Weiss, Daniel J. Heck, Barbara A. Miller and Katherine Cress, Horizon Research, Inc., June 2004)...

Looking Inside the Classroom: A Study of K-12 Mathematics and Science Education in the United States - This study analyzes mathematics and science education in the United States, rating lesson design, lesson implementation, mathematics/science content addressed and classroom culture. The authors estimate that 15% of mathematics and science lessons are high in quality, 27% are medium and 59% are low in quality. Effective lessons are those that: (1) engage students with the mathematics/science content; (2) create an environment conducive to learning; (3) ensure access for all students; (4) use questioning to monitor and promote understanding; and (5) help students make sense out of the mathematics/science content. Highlights of this report also are available online. (Iris R. Weiss, Joan D. Pasley, P. Sean Smith, Eric R. Banilower and Daniel J. Heck, Horizon Research, May 2003)...

How Well Are American Students Learning? - This is the fifth annual edition of the Brown Center Report on American Education. The report is divided into three sections. The first analyzes a sample of NAEP items and finds that most of the math needed to solve the average item on the eighth grade NAEP is taught by the end of third grade. The second section of the report presents a survey of middle school math teachers and finds that a significant number of math teachers at this level lack formal undergraduate training in mathematics and receive inadequate professional development. The third section of the report examines the Blue Ribbon Schools Program. (Tom Loveless, The Brookings Institution, November 2004)...

Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2003 Summary: U.S. Performance in Mathematics Literacy and Problem Solving - This summary contains results from PISA mathematics literacy and problem solving tests of 15-year olds residing in Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. U.S. students scored below the OECD average in mathematics literacy and problem solving, and even the highest achieving U.S. students were, on average, outperformed by their OECD counterparts. Commissioner remarks as well as a link to the full report. (National Center for Education Statistics, December 2004)...

The State of State Prekindergarten Standards in 2003 - This report examines the quality of state prekindergarten standards in language, literacy and mathematics by describing the methods and analytic tools for examining quality. (Susan B. Neuman, Kathleen Roskos, Carol Vukelich and Douglas Clements, Center for the Improvement of Early Reading Achievement, 2003)...

Highlights from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2003 - The 2003 TIMSS study provides information on the performance in math and science by 4th and/or 8th graders in 46 countries. In some nations, changes in student achievement in these subjects can be tracked from 1995 to 2003. Findings: In 2003, U.S. 4th and 8th graders exceeded the international average, but their performance appeared less stellar when compared to just their peers in OECD-member countries. American 8th graders made substantial gains in average math performance between 1995 and 2003, while U.S. 4th graders’ scores remained level over this same period. The report also is broken out by chapter. (Patrick Gonzales, Juan Carlos Guzmán, Lisette Partelow, Erin Pahlke, Leslie Jocelyn, David Kastberg and Trevor Williams, National Center for Education Statistics, December 2004)...

From Kindergarten through Third Grade: Children’s Beginning School Experiences - This report examines children’s early literacy and resources at the start of kindergarten to their reading and math achievement at the end of 3rd grade. The study provides information about how children’s skills and knowledge differ based on race/ethnicity, family risk factors, public versus private school, length of kindergarten day, perceptions of interest and competence in subject areas, socialization and problem behaviors. This report uses the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 dataset that collected data on children entering kindergarten in 1998-99 and followed them through the current school year. (Amy Rathbun and Jerry West, National Center for Education Statistics, August 2004)...

Mathematical Proficiency for All Students: Toward a Strategic Research and Development Program in Mathematics Education - This report proposes a long-term, strategic program of research and development in mathematics education. Two goals are sought: (1) To raise the level of mathematical proficiency, and (2) To eliminate the differences in level of mathematical proficiency among students in different social, cultural and ethnic groups. (RAND Mathematics Study Panel, 2003)...

Workshop on Next Steps in Mathematics Teacher Development, Grades 9-12 - The Mathematical Sciences Education Board (MSEB) of the Center for Education recently sponsored this workshop to help participants design programs to improve teachers' knowledge and effectiveness. This link will take you to a list of background papers, each with its own link. (MSEB, National Research Council, March 2003)...

How Well Are American Students Learning? - The Brown Center on Education Policy has released its 2002 report on American education. The report is divided into three independent sections: math, high school culture and charter schools. One troubling finding is the suggestion that students’ computation skills have stagnated or even declined in recent years. The report examines this assertion as well as certain aspects of high school culture and test scores of charter schools in 10 states. (Tom Loveless, Brookings Institution, September 2002)...

Learning and Understanding: Improving Advanced Study of Mathematics and Science in U.S. High Schools - Minority students and children in inner-city and rural areas face serious limitations in gaining access to advanced high school courses in math and science, according to this study completed by a committee of the National Research Council. The study examined the College Board's Advanced Placement math and science courses, and courses offered under the International Baccalaureate program. (National Academy Press, 2002)...

How Well Are Students Learning?: Focus on Math Achievement - The Brookings Institution's Brown Center on Education Policy found that student achievement in this country has risen "by only a snail's pace" since the 1970s. Reading gains have been "exceedingly small," although math achievement among 9- and 13-year-olds has risen significantly. And students from the middle grades on up continue to underperform. The report examines the direction of public school achievement, the significance of change, the policies and practices influencing the direction of student achievement and whether the public is getting the complete story on student learning. Math achievement gets a close look, as do "exemplary" schools, which the center notes are not always what they seem. (Brown Center on Education Policy, 2000)...


Selected Research & Readings Current

Print Friendly and PDF

4

Thank you, Issue Site Sponsors
pearson

 
Home  |  About ECS  |  Education Issues A-Z  | Research Studies  |  Reports & Databases  |  State Legislation  |  State Profiles  |  Projects & Institutes  |  Newsroom  |  Website User's Guide


Information provided by ECS combines the best of the most recent and useful research available. Should you have questions, please contact our Information Clearinghouse at 303.299.3675.

700 Broadway, #810 Denver, CO 80203-3442
Phone: 303.299.3600 | Fax: 303.296.8332
 
©2014 Education Commission of the States
www.ecs.org | ecs@ecs.org
Read our privacy policy