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CurriculumLanguage Arts--Writing/SpellingSelected Research & Readings (Additional Resources)
 Selected Research & Readings

Writing: A Powerful Message From State Government - In this report, the National Commission on Writing analyzes the importance of writing in a large part of the public sector — the state government. Survey results from 49 of 50 state human resource offices managers indicate that writing is considered an even more important job requirement than it is for the private-sector employees studies in the Commission's previous report, Writing: A Ticket to Work . . . Or a Ticket Out – A Survey of Business Leaders. Despite this, a significant number of state employees do not meet states expectations, a deficiency that costs taxpayers a quarter of a billion dollars annually. (The National Commission on Writing for America’s Families, Schools, and Colleges, July 2005)...

E-rater as a Quality Control on Human Scores - Among the objections raised by critics of the use of automated systems to evaluate essays are such systems lack the intrinsic capacity to recognize good writing from bad, can be fooled and may not recognize brilliant writing written in a nonconformist manner. The authors argue such skepticism is healthy and advocate for the use of the e-rate automated system as a quality control check on humans rating essays. They also report on one study that found scores checked by one human and the e-rate system were slightly more in agreement than those evaluated by two humans. A brief explanation of the e-rate system can be found on page 4. (William Monaghan and Brent Bridgeman, R&D Connections, Educational Testing Service, April 2005)...

The Neglected 'R': The Need for a Writing Revolution - This report argues that, given the importance of writing for economic, educational and personal growth, American students' writing skills are currently at an unacceptable level. It offers recommendations to policymakers, state and local education agencies, the business community and testing companies to remove these roadblocks to better writing instruction and assessment. (The National Commission on Writing in America's Schools and Colleges, April 2003) ...

2002 NAEP Writing Assessment Results - The National Assessment of Educational Progres (NAEP) 2002 writing assessment measured students' performance on three types of writing: narrative, informative and persuasive. The results show that the average or typical 4th-, 8th- and 12th-grade student can write only at the Basic level; this is true at the national level and for all participating states and jurisdictions. (National Center for Education Statistics, 2002)...

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