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Mathematics: Which practices impact student achievement? - Access related research titles from the ECS Research Studies Database. Links embedded in titles will take you to each study's major findings and recommendations....

Summary of Research on the Effectiveness of Math Professional Development Approaches - Of 643 studies conducted in the United States related to professional development interventions for teachers of K-12 math, five met What Works Clearinghouse standards with or without reservations. Of those five, two found positive effects on students' math proficiency. This means there is limited evidence to guide districts and schools in selecting an approach, or to support developers' claims. Districts and schools must use best judgment until more causal evidence becomes available. (Russell Gerston, et al., National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, REL Southeast, January 2014)...

Teaching Math to Young Children - This practice guide offers educators specific, evidence-based recommendations that address the challenge of teaching early math to children ages 3 to 6. The guide provides practical, clear information on critical topics related to teaching early math and is based on the best available evidence as judged by the authors. (Institute of Education Sciences (IES), Nov 2013)...

Does an Algebra Course with Tutoring Software Improve Student Learning? - Blending use of a conventional algebra textbook with tutoring software--Cognitive Tutor Algebra I--resulted in an overall increase in achievement equivalent to moving from the 50th percentile to the 58th. In a study which looked at algebra students in 73 high schools and 74 middle schools in seven states, improvements occurred in the second year, perhaps because teachers and schools needed time to implement CTAI effectively. The cost was about $70 more per student than a traditional textbook algebra course. (Rand, November 2013)...

The Progress of Education Reform: Math in the Early Years PDF - This issue of The Progress of Education Reform reveals five surprising findings about the strong relationship between early math instruction and later student achievement. Researchers have found that early knowledge of math not only predicts later success in math, but also predicts later reading achievement even better than do early reading skills. The paper concludes with implications and recommendations for state policy that will support the development of early math competencies and young children. (Doug Clements and Julie Sarama, University of Denver, October 2013)...

World Class Standards for Preparing Teachers of Mathematics - While the United States has some great teacher preparation programs, the worst ones produce more than 60% of the nation's future middle school math teachers. The variation is so great, standards for teacher preparation need to be imposed. After analyzing data from 23,000 future teachers in 17 countries, William Schmidt and colleagues found there were nine core courses consistently taken by high-achieving middle school teachers and identified a similar set of coursework in math and math teaching methods for future elementary school teachers. One in seven U.S. future middle school teachers and slightly more than half of future elementary teacher had taken the benchmark courses. These poorly-prepared math teachers tend to wind up in schools serving a high percentage of students in poverty. (William Schmidt, Nathan Burroughs and Leland Cogan, Michigan State University, October 2013)...

Math - See the Institute for Education Sciences' What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) for recommendations on math. The WWC reviews the research on the different programs, products, practices, and policies in education. Then, by focusing on the results from high-quality research, they try to answer the question “What works in education?” The goal is to provide educators with the information they need to make evidence-based decisions. (WWC, September 2013)...

Teach for America/Teaching Fellows and Effective Teaching in Secondary Math - Although critics claim that Teach for America (TFA) and Teaching Fellows teachers are not as well prepared as traditionally-prepared teachers, this study concludes secondary TFA math teachers are more effective than other math teachers and Teaching Fellows teachers are as effective and, in some cases, more effective than other math teachers in the same schools. The conclusion: TFA and Teaching Fellows teachers offer promising options for high-needs secondary schools. (Mathematica Policy Research, September 2013)...

IES What Works Clearinghouse Curriculum-Based Interventions for Math - The What Works Clearinghouse examines the evidence of effectiveness of curriculum-based interventions and instructional programs on math content and skills. (Institute for Education Sciences)...

Effectiveness of Cognitive Tutor Algebra I at Scale - Researchers compared the effectiveness of a technology-based algebra curriculum, Cognitive Tutor Algebra I (CTAI), with a traditional algebra curriculum. Using a wide variety of matched middle schools and high schools in seven states, they found no effects the first year of CTAI which uses a personalized, mastery-learning, blended-learning approach. However, there was strong evidence of a positive effect in the second year. High schools had a statistically significant effect, but middle schools didn't. (John F. Pane, Beth Ann Griffin, Daniel F. McCaffrey and Rita Karam, Rand, March 2013)...

Effects of the Connected Mathematics Project 2 (CMP2) on the Mathematics Achievement of Grade 6 Students in the Mid-Atlantic Region - This study examines the effects of Connected Mathematics Project 2 (CMP2) on grade 6 student mathematics achievement and engagement. It responds to a need to improve mathematics learning in the Mid-Atlantic Region. However, the researchers found that CMP2 did not have a statistically significant effect on grade 6 mathematics achievement. (National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, March 2012)...

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012 - This overview of the National Science Board’s Science and Engineering Indicators 2012 highlights some major developments in international and U.S. science and technology (S&T). (National Science Foundation, 2012)...

Nation's Report Card--Findings in Brief: Reading and Mathematics--2011 - This brief report summarizes the major findings from the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading and mathematics assessments. The assessments were administered at grades 4 and 8, and the report includes information on students in public and private schools in the nation as well as public school students in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Department of Defense schools. (NCES, November 2011)...

University of Chicago School Mathematics Project 6-12 Curriculum - This What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) intervention report evaluates the University of Chicago School Mathematics Project curriculum--a series of yearlong courses emphasizing problem solving, real-world applications and the use of technology. The program is designed to allow schools to offer students appropriate math, regardless of grade level. The curriculum was found to have potentially positive effects on math achievement for high school students. (Institute of Education Sciences, July 2011)...

WWC Quick Review of the Report "Achievement Effects of Four Early Elementary School Math Curricula: Findings for First and Second Graders" - This study measured the relative effects by comparing end-of-year test scores on a nationally normed math assessment developed for the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten for first graders and on a similar assessment adapted for this study for second graders. (Institute of Education Sciences, April 2011)...

Preparation, Placement, Proficiency: Improving Middle Grades Math Performance - This brief contains highlights from the follow-up analysis to Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. The follow-up analysis used the Gaining Ground data file. In addition, new analyses were conducted of the survey responses of the superintendents, principals and math teachers in the study to identify policies and practices that correlate with higher school achievement in grade 8 math, controlling for key school variables and students' prior test scores. In May 2011, EdSource released Needed: Careful Evaluation of Alegbra I Placements in Grade 8, a companion to the main report. (EdSource, 2011)...

Learning Trajectories in Mathematics: A Foundation for Standards, Curriculum, Assessment and Instruction - The report aims to provide a useful introduction to current work and thinking about learning trajectories in mathematics education and why they matter. (Consortium for Policy Research in Education, January 2011)...

Achievement Effects of Four Early Elementary School Math Curricula: Findings for First and Second Graders - Many U.S. children start school with weak math skills and there are differences between students from different socioeconomic backgrounds—those from poor families lag behind those from affluent ones. These differences also grow over time, resulting in substantial differences in math achievement by the time students reach the fourth grade. The purpose of this large-scale, national study is to determine whether some early elementary school math curricula are more effective than others at improving student math achievement. (Institute of Education Sciences, October 2010)...

Young Children Use Statistical Sampling to Infer the Preferences of Other People - This study suggests that young children use their basic understanding of statistics to make inferences about people's motivation and preferences. Researchers found that even at a young age, children were inferring that people who choose rare objects probably have a strong preference for that specific item. This study suggests that young children are capable of more sophisticated mathematical reasoning and social learning than what typical early care and education programs may support. (Psychological Science, 2010) ...

Effective Programs in Middle and High School Mathematics: A Best-Evidence Synthesis - There were 100 qualifying studies, 26 of which used random assignment to treatments. Effect sizes were very small for mathematics curricula and for computer-assisted instruction. Positive effects were found for two cooperative learning programs. Outcomes were similar for disadvantaged and nondisadvantaged students and for students of different ethnicities. Consistent with an earlier review of elementary programs, this article concludes that programs that affect daily teaching practices and student interactions have more promise than those emphasizing textbooks or technology alone. (Best Evidence Encyclopedia, October 2008)...


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