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An American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Funding Opportunity: Redesigning Remedial and Developmental Education MS Word PDF - This ECS Alert describes the various sources of ARRA funds and offers suggestions for how states and postsecondary institutions might use this funding for one-time investments in education technology and curriculum development. Such investments would help meet the education and training needs of the growing dislocated worker population while also increasing the long-term level of institutional productivity. (Bruce Vandal, Education Commission of the States, June 2009) ...

The Progress of Education Reform: Developmental Education PDF - This issue of The Progress of Education Reform will address the following three questions: 1. What are the challenges that developmental education programs face that affect their success? 2. Are developmental education programs an effective strategy for increasing college attainment rates? 3. How can state policy improve the success of developmental education programs? (ECS, March 2008) ...

Improving Developmental Mathematics Education in Community Colleges: A Prospectus and Early Progress Report on the Statway Initiative - At the heart of the Statway Initiative is a novel approach to improvement-focused organizational learning and development that is designed to create promising solutions to critical, high-leverage problems of teaching and learning. The approach, called Design Educational Engineering Development has been conceptualized in a number of papers from prominent individuals. (Jenna Cullinane and Philip Treisman, National Center for Postsecondary Research, September 2010)...

Learning Communities for Students in Developmental Reading: An Impact Study at Hillsborough Community College--Executive Summary - This report presents results from a rigorous random assignment study of a basic learning community program in Florida of six participating community colleges focusing on effectiveness of the program in helping students in need of developmental education. Findings show: The most salient feature was co-enrollment of students into linked courses, creating student cohorts; overall the learning communities program did not have a meaningful impact of student success. (Michael Weiss, Mary Visher and Heather Wathington, National Center for Postsecondary Research, June 2010)...

Promoting Gatekeeper Course Success Among Community College Students Needing Remediation: Findings and Recommendations from a Virginia Study - This summary report discusses a Community College Research Center study that examined student characteristics, course-taking patterns, and other factors associated with higher probabilities that students in community colleges who require remediation will take and pass math and English gatekeeper courses. (Davis Jenkins, Shanna Smith Jaggars and Josipa Roksa, Community College Research Center, November 2009)...

Strategies for Promoting Gatekeeper Course Success Among Students Needing Remediation - Study designed to help community colleges develop strategies for improving the rate at which academically underprepared students take and pass initial college-level (or "gatekeeper') courses in math and English. (Jospia Roksa, Davis Jenkins, Shanna Jaggar, Matthew Zeldenberg and Sung-Woo Cho, Community college Research Center, November 2009)...

Rethinking Developmental Education in Community Colleges - This brief reviews evidence of students who enter community college with weak academic skills, and it summarizes study findings on the effectiveness of developmental education. It suggests that, on average, developmental education is not very effective in overcoming student weaknesses. (Thomas Bailey, Community College Research Center, February 2009)...

Technology Solutions for Developmental Math: An Overview of Current and Emerging Practices - This report looks at the challenges of remediation math skills in community colleges and the potential of technology to address these challenges. (Colorado Community College System, January 2009)...

Referral, Enrollment, and Completion in Developmental Education Sequences in Community Colleges - The purpose of this paper is to analyze the patterns and determinants of student progression through sequences of developmental education starting from initial referral. The results indicate that only three to four out of 10 students who are referred to remediation actually complete the entire sequence to which they are referred. (Community College Research Center, Thomas Bailey, Dong Wook Jeong and Sung-Woo Cho, December 2008)...

Remediation in the Community College: An Evaluator’s Perspective - Remediation is the most common policy choice for preparing students academically and socially during their early stages of college. But despite its profound importance and its significant costs, there is very little rigorous research analyzing its effectiveness. This paper provides a conceptual framework for the evaluation of remedial education programs. (Henry Levin and Juan Carlos Calcagno, Community College Research Center, May 2007)...

Accelerating Remedial Math Education: How Institutional Innovation and State Policy Interact - One of the most pressing challenges facing community colleges is improving outcomes for students who place into developmental math courses. This policy brief looks at efforts in three community colleges, two of which are Achieving the Dream institutions, to revamp their remedial math programming. It focuses on the ways in which state and system policies interact with institutional reform efforts—and how policies can either support or slow institutional change. (Radha Roy Biswas, Jobs for the Future, 2007)...

Stepping Stones to a Degree: The Impact of Enrollment Pathways and Milestones on Older Community College Student Outcomes - This report presents findings from a study of the experiences and outcomes of older and younger community college students, comparing the impact of enrollment pathways (such as remediation) and enrollment milestones (such as attaining a certain number of credits) on educational outcomes of older students – those who entered college for the first time at age 25 or later – with those of traditional-age students. Results suggest that reaching milestones such as obtaining 20 credits or completing 50% of a program is a more important positive factor affecting graduation probabilities for younger students than it is for older students. Although enrollment in remedial courses decreases the odds of graduating for all students, older students who enroll in remediation are less negatively affected than are younger ones who do the same. Also available is a report summary. (Juan Carlos Calcagno, Peter Crosta, Thomas Bailey and Davis Jenkins, Teachers College, October 2006)...

Paying Double: Inadequate High Schools and Community College Remediation - The United States wastes more than $3.7 billion a year because too many students are not learning the basic skills needed to succeed in college or work while they are in high school. This report argues for better preparation in high school in order to reduce the need for remediation at the postsecondary level. (Alliance for Excellent Education, August 2006) ...

Steps Can Be Taken to Reduce Remediation Rates; 78% of Community College Students, 10% of University Students Need Remediation - The cost of remediation courses taken by students in Florida was $118.3 million during 2004-05, with the state paying 53% of this amount. This report addresses the following five questions: (1) How many students require remediation? (2) What are the costs associated with remediation? (3) Has the need for remediation changed over time? (4) What factors influence the need for remediation? and (5) What options could the state consider to reduce the need for remediation? (Office of Program Policy Analysis & Government Accountability, April 2006) ...

Finding Alternatives to Failure: Can States End Social Promotion and Reduce Retention Rates? MS Word - Using data from the 16 member states of the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), this report analyzes the negative consequences of social promotion – for both the student and the community – and presents several strategies for helping struggling students reach and remain at grade level. (David R. Denton, SREB, January 2001)...

No One To Waste: A Report to Public Decision-Makers and Community College Leaders MS Word - Written by a long-time advocate for the underprepared student, No One To Waste argues that remedial education should be a higher priority not only because it is inseparable from the philosophy of access, but also because the nation cannot afford to lose potential workers. The study found that students who are successfully remediated become productively employed. Almost 16% become professionals; 53.7% obtain mid-level, white-collar or technical positions; 19.8% become high-skill, blue-collar workers; and only 9.2% remain in unskilled or in low-skill jobs. The report, which also includes findings and recommendations, is not available online but can be ordered from the American Association of Community Colleges, One Dupont Circle, NW, Suite 410, Washington, DC 20036, 202-728-0200. (Robert H. McCabe, Community College Press, 2000)...

Remedial Education at Higher Education Institutions in Fall 1995 MS Word - This survey was designed to provide current national estimates about the extent of remediation on college campuses. It examined participation in college-level remedial education, characteristics of remedial courses and programs, and policies or laws that affect remedial education. (National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education, 1996)...


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