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 Selected Research & Readings

The Progress of Education Reform: Understanding State School Funding PDF - Many policymakers view their state's school funding formula not as a tool for reform but as a barrier to change. Policymakers tend to view the way that their state funds schools as a byzantine system of rules, regulations and formulas that is only comprehendible to a handful of people. When policymakers don't understand the basics of their state’s funding system, it is difficult for them to determine what changes are needed to encourage innovation. This issue of The Progress of Education Reform sets out to ease some of the confusion by helping readers better understand these complex systems, with the hope that this knowledge will be used to help support education reform in the states. (Michael Griffith, ECS, June 2012)...

Poverty and Education: Finding the Way Forward - Of the 35 richest countries, the United States has the second highest child poverty rate; first highest is Romania. Twenty-two percent of American children are living in poverty and while education has long been touted as the great equalizer, that is more myth than reality, write researchers who took a hard look at the relationship between poverty and educational outcomes. Fortunately the report ends with strategies for mitigating poverty’s influence on educational outcomes. (Richard J. Coley and Bruce Baker, ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education, July 2013)...

Student Count Mechanisms for Funding Purposes - This brief provides an overview of the student count mechanisms that are currently employed by states. It reviews Indiana's outgoing count mechanism, the Single Count Date, and compares it with the newly enacted Multiple Count Dates mechanism. The authors examine how other states use the Multiple Count Dates mechanism and highlight their varied experiences, to draw insights on how this new mechanism may impact Indiana school funding in the near future. (CEEP, May 2012)...

Deregulating School Aid in California: How 10 Districts Responded to Fiscal Flexibility, 2009-2010 - This report details how leaders in 10 California school districts are responding to Tier 3 flexibility reform, including what districts are doing with the newly flexible funds, how allocation decisions were made, and what their consequences have been. The researchers found that school districts felt uncertainty about the new flexibility and generally remained committed to the goals of the Tier 3 programs. (RAND Corporation, May 2011)...

Beyond Teacher Reassignments: Better Ways Districts Can Remedy Salary Inequities Across Schools - This report on school salary inequities is part of the $chools in Crisis: Making Ends Meet series of Rapid Response briefs from the Center on Reinventing Public Education funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. (Marguerite Roza and Sarah Yatsko, Center on Reinventing Public Education, February 2011)...

Do Schools in Rural and Nonrural Districts Allocate Resources Differently? An Analysis of Spending and Staffing Patterns in the West Region States - This study finds that rural districts in the West Region states spent more per student, hired more staff per 100 students, and had higher overhead ratios of district-to-school-level resources than did city and suburban districts. Regional characteristics were more strongly related to resource allocation than were other cost factors studied. (Institute of Education Sciences, January 2011)...

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