contact staff ecs twitter facebook
FinanceFunding FormulasWhat States Are Doing
 What States Are Doing
 Selected Research & Readings

State funding mechanisms for English language learners - As demographics of the nation’s schools continue to shift, state-level policy surrounding English language learners (ELLs) becomes increasingly important. Information regarding the various methods of funding of ELL students can be confusing and difficult to locate. This report provides a clear and detailed description of the ways states finance ELLs and allows policymakers to evaluate their own funding models against those from other states. (Maria Millard, ECS, January 2015) ...

From the ECS State Policy Database: Finance--Funding Formulas - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

Implementing California's School Funding Formula: Will High-Need Students Benefit? - The Local Control Funding Formula reformed California's school finance system, but would finances reach high-need students? Researchers found county offices of education - charged with assisting districts in developing and achieving accountability plans - may have extra work to do in parts of Southern California, the Bay Area, and Sacramento to ensure that extra state funding improves outcomes of high-need students, who are not evenly distributed across district schools. (Laura Hill and Iwunze Ugo, Public Policy Institute of California, March 2015) ...

A School Funding Formula for Philadelphia - A funding formula is in the works for Pennsylvania, one of three states without one, so the Education Commission of the States was commissioned by the Pew Charitable Trusts to review funding formulas in other states, analyze their impact on big-city districts and determine how a formula might impact the School District of Philadelphia. ECS researchers determined a formula probably would reduce variations in education revenue in the state and would likely mean more revenue for perpetually broke Philadelphia. (Michael Griffith and Maria Millard, Pew Charitable Trusts, January 2014)...

Educational Equity, Adequacy, and Equal Opportunity in the Commonwealth: An Evaluation of Pennsylvania's School Finance System - Pennsylvania's funding formula underfunds many of the state's high-need urban and rural districts. While state average levels of school spending and student achievement are above the national average, equity standards aren't met. Significant numbers of districts serving high-need populations get substantially lower per-pupil spending; large student achievement gaps coincide with district spending gaps. (Bruce Baker and Jesse Levin, American Institutes for Research, October 2014)...

Task Force to Study Education Funding. Final Report - This report to the Connecticut General Assembly is intended to provide recommendations on the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant formula, which distributes the largest share of state education to districts. The task force examined three specific areas and made recommendations to the general assembly: 1) Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant formula 2) School choice programs, including magnets and regional agriscience technology centers, and 3) Special education. ...

Funding Formulas at a Glance - 50-state information on school finance formulas. (NCED, 2011)...

Impact of School Finance Reform on Resource Equalization and Academic Performance: Evidence from Michigan - Michigan radically altered its school finance system in 1994, significantly increasing state aid to the lowest-spending school districts and limiting future increases in spending in the highest-spending ones.This effectively abolished local discretion over school spending. This was quite successful in reducing interdistrict spending disparities. There was a positive effect on the student performance in the lowest-spending districts but negative effect on student performance in the highest-spending districts. (Association of School Finance and Policy, May 2011)...

Looking for More?

Print Friendly and PDF


Thank you, Issue Site Sponsors

Home  |  About ECS  |  Education Issues A-Z  | Research Studies  |  Reports & Databases  |  State Legislation  |  State Profiles  |  Projects & Institutes  |  Newsroom  |  Website User's Guide

Information provided by ECS combines the best of the most recent and useful research available. Should you have questions, please contact our Information Clearinghouse at 303.299.3675.

700 Broadway, #810 Denver, CO 80203-3442
Phone: 303.299.3600 | Fax: 303.296.8332
©2015 Education Commission of the States |
Read our privacy policy