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Choice of Schools
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Governance--Deregulation/Waivers/Home Rule
Governance--School Boards
Governance--Site-Based Management
Instructional Approaches--Homeschooling
Postsecondary Governance and Structures

From the ECS State Policy Database: Governance--Regional Entities - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Urban--Governance - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Governance - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Governance--Mandates - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

State Education Governance Models PDF - Education governance structures differ from state to state and directly affect how education policy leaders interact. Understanding the differences between structures can help explain the education policy process in terms of how decisions are made and the how authority is divided. Forty-one of the 50 states fall into one of four general categories that describe how state boards of education are constituted and whether the chief state school officer is appointed or elected. (Vincent Scudella, ECS, August 2013) ...

K-12 State Governance Database - This database contains information about the K-12 governance structures in each state and is broken into three levels: State, Regional and School District. The state level has information about governors, legislatures, chief state school officers and state boards of education. This information was updated in 2013; other sections were last updated in 2003, although updates are expected later this year. The regional level has information about regional boards and regional superintendents. The school district level has information about local school boards, local superintendents, schools and collective bargaining agreements....

Governors Taking Larger Role in Education PDF - The past year has seen a variety of proposed legislation or gubernatorial actions to give governors a greater role in education policymaking. This paper contains a summary of completed or proposed action in this vein, followed by a discussion on the political and education policy impacts such changes may have. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, Education Commission of the States, April 2011)...

State Education Governance Models PDF - This ECS StateNote describes four state education governance models that 40 states use, and provides notes about the states and territories whose governance models do not conform to any of the four models. (Mary Fulton, Education Commission of the States, Updated January 2011)...

P-20 Governance PDF - This StateNote identifies states in which K-12 and postsecondary governance has been fully or partially consolidated in a single entity. The report also identifies where early learning falls under the purview of an entity that administers both K-12 and higher education. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, Education Commission of the States, January 2011)...

State Education Governance - View ECS Chief of Staff Kathy Christie's presentation on the different models of state education governance. The presentation was initially made to the Nevada Legislative Commission’s Committee to Study Governance and Oversight.) Kathy Christie, Education Commission of the States, January 2010)...

Schools of Thought: A Taxonomy of American Education Governance - Classifying state education governance structures, this study found Hawaii and North Carolina concentrate by far the most authority at the state level, while Wyoming leaves the most authority to local districts. Florida had the most consolidated system with authority concentrated in the state board and the state's few large districts. Alaska had the most distributed system and the most restrictive state in the union was Minnesota. No known education governance type is discernibly best for students, researchers concluded. (Dara Zeehandelaar and David Griffith, Thomas B. Fordham Institute, August 2015)...

State Education Governance Matrix - A handy matrix that gives a state-by-state glimpse into method of selection of state board members, number of voting members, length of term, state board established in statute or constitution, selection of chief state school officer, selection of state board chair/president, authority for teacher licensure and authority for standards adoption. Special notes accompany each state. (NASBE, March 2015)...

Coordination of Instructional Services by Washington State's Educational Service Districts - States, districts and schools consider educational service agencies like Washington's Educational Service Districts (ESDs) for more coordinated and efficient instructional services. This descriptive study finds: (1) funding is almost evenly divided between instructional and noninstructional programs (2) the number of districts served and expenditure per district vary and (3) ESD staff say the most important services don't always get the most funding. (Mark Endsley, et al., REL Northwest, October 14, 2014)...

Ready by 21 State Policy Survey: Child and Youth Policy Coordinating Bodies in the U.S. 2013 - Ready by 21, dedicated to improving coordination, collaboration and efficiency among youth-serving agencies, conducts a biennial survey of its members. This report is intended to help governors, legislators, department secretaries and advocates looking for information on ways to strengthen the structure and function of their existing cabinets or to create a new one. (Jenny Bonilla Moreno, Elizabeth Gaines and Danielle Evennou, Forum for Youth Investment, February 2014)...

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