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International School Finance MS Word PDF - This StateNote shows how America's school funding system compares with other developed countries’ systems from around the world. This information was collected and published by the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (Michael Griffith, Education Commission of the States, November 2004)...

Teachers in Other Nations More Revered MS Word - Do other countries have better teachers? Here are highlights from Japan and the Republic of Singapore. (Education Commission of the States, 1999)...

Convergence and Competition: Transforming Postsecondary Education -- An International Perspective PDF - Public authorities in the United States and in the 29 advanced, democratic, pluralistic, market-economy countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development see postsecondary education as a key to improved competitiveness (both international and domestic) and strong economic performance. Recent reforms and policy approaches include elements of a potentially new orientation which welcomes and seeks to influence demand, encourages new and flexible boundary-spanning partnerships and networks, and helps shape an effective and dynamic "postsecondary-wide" and "lifelong" postsecondary education provision. (From: Briefing Papers: Transforming Postsecondary Education for the 21st Century, Alan Wagner, Education Commission of the States, June 1999)...

Education at a Glance 2012: Highlights - The 2012 edition of Education at a Glance: Highlights summarizes the OECD’s flagship compendium of education statistics. It provides easily accessible data on key topics in education today, including: education levels and student numbers; economic and social benefits of education; education spending; the school environment; and equity. (OECD, 2012)...

Globally Challenged: Are U.S. Students Ready to Compete? The Latest on Each State's International Standing in Math and Reading - The researchers ranked the U.S. 32nd out of the 65 nations participating in the PISA exam for math proficiency and 17th out of 65 nations for reading proficiency. Knowing where the U.S. ranks internationally gives us a benchmark to know how well we are preparing our students to remain competitive and the ability of the U.S. to “remain the economic and technological leader of the global marketplace.” (Harvard's Program on Education Policy and Governance, August 2011)...

Education at a Glance 2011: OECD Indicators - The 2011 edition of Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators enables educational policy makers and practitioners alike to see their education systems in the light of other countries’ performances. The indicators show who participates in education, how much is spent on it and how education systems operate. They also illustrate a wide range of educational outcomes. (Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development, July 2011)...

Improving Teacher Quality Around the World: The International Summit on the Teaching Profession - This document discusses lessons shared during a two-day event held in New York City in March 2011. The summit marked the first-ever convening of education ministers, teachers, and union leaders from high-performing and rapidly improving countries and regions. Discussions were framed around four overarching themes: teacher recruitment and preparation; development, support, and retention of teachers; teacher evaluation and compensation; and teacher engagement in reform. Plans are already underway to convene a second international summit in spring 2012. (Asia Society, March 2011)...

U.S. Math Performance in Global Perspective: How Well Does Each State Do at Producing High-Achieving Students - Maintaining our innovative edge in the world depends on developing a highly qualified cadre of scientists and engineers. To realize that objective requires a system of schooling that produces students with advanced math and science skills. To gauge, U.S. students in the class of 2009 in each of the states and in 10 urban districts were compared to the percentages of high achievers in 56 other countries. Unfortunately, the U.S. students fell well below that of most countries with which the U.S. generally compares itself. (Harvard's Program on Education Policy and Governance, Winter 2010)...

Education at a Glance 2010: OECD Indicators - The 2010 edition of Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators enables countries to see themselves in the light of other countries' performance. The indicators show who participates in education, how much is spent on it and how education systems operate. They also illustrate a wide range of educational outcomes. The spreadsheets used to create the tables and charts are made available via the StatLinks. (Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development, July 2010)...

Informing Grades 1-6 Mathematics Standards Development: What Can Be Learned From High-Performing Hong Kong, Korea and Singapore? - AIR chose the three Asian countries because of their high performance on the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) assessments. The analysis finds a number of features that can inform an international benchmarking process for the development of K–6 mathematics standards in the United States. (American Institutes for Research, December 2009)...

Stars By Which to Navigate? Scanning National and International Education Standards in 2009 - Draft standards were made public on September 21, 2009 by the National Governors Association and the Council of Chief State School Officers. In this report, Fordham's expert reviewers appraised the drafts, which outline college and career readiness standards in reading, writing, math, and speaking/listening. They evaluated the strength of the reading/writing and math frameworks that undergird the NAEP, TIMSS and PISA tests. This reports on their findings. (Thomas B. Fordham Institute, October 2009)...

International Lessons About National Standards - In 1997, a multi-national testing program (TIMSS) released its results comparing the academic performance of children in some 40 countries. Germany and the United States were startled to find themselves performing well below Japan and other top-achieving countries. Recent international studies have been no kinder to the United States. Economists and CEOs tell us this is a threat to our properity and security. The process of establishing national standards will require time, patience and a great deal of compromise. But we postpone the inevitable at our peril. (William Schmidt, Richard Houang and Sharif Shakrani, Thomas B. Fordham Institute, May 2009)...

Cost, Commitment, and Attainment in Higher Education: An International Comparison - This report moves away from the more traditional approach of comparing countries on the basis of college entry rates and focuses instead on completion rates. The authors look at the amount that countries spend on tertiary education per student; the share of GPD a country spend on tertiary education; and the share of working-age adults holding a tertiary education degree. They conclude by recommending more resources for community colleges, more attention to developing strategies to improve completion rates, and increasing enrollments to moderate costs. (Arthur Hauptman and Young Kim, Jobs for the Future, May 2009)...

Economic Impact of the Achievement Gap in America's Schools - Many discussions have been held on the causes of the achievement gap and on what the nation should do to address it. We know there are four distinct achievement gaps: (1) Between the U.S. and other countries; (2) between white, black and Latino students; (3) between students in different income levels; and (4) between similar students schooled in different systems or regions. This report shines the spotlight on the economic impact of the achievement gap. The authors point out that the persistence of these educational achievement gaps imposes on the country the economic equivalent of a permanent national recession. (McKinsey and Company, April 2009)...

Education at a Glance: 2008 - This publication examines the quality of learning outcomes, the policy levers and contextual factors that shape these outcomes, and the broader private and social returns that accrue to investments in education. The report addresses the needs of a range of users, from governments seeking to learn policy lessons to academics requiring data for further analysis to the general public wanting to monitor how its nation's schools are progressing in producing world-class students. (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2007)...

Chance Favors the Prepared Mind: Mathematics and Science Indicators for Comparing States and Nations - This report provides international benchmarks to help states see how students are doing in math and science within an international context. The good news is most states are performing as well or better tha most foreign countries. The bad news is the highest achieving states within the United States are still significantly below the highest achieving countries. (Gary Phillips, American Institutes for Research, November 2007)...

How the World's Best-Performing School Systems Come Out on Top - This report contains the results of a study of 25 of the world's school systems, including ten of the top performers. The report examines what these high-performing systems had in common and what tools were used to improve student outcomes. Three things matter most: (1) getting the right people to become teachers, (2) developing them into effective instructors; and (3) ensuring that the system is able to deliver the best possible instruction for every child. (McKinsey and Company, September 2007)...

Comparative Indicators of Education in the United States and Other G-8 Countries: 2006 - This report describes how the U.S. education system compares with the other Group of Eight (G-8) countries - Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Russian Federation and the United Kingdom. The report is organized around five major sections: population and school enrollment; academic performance; context for learning; expenditure for education; and education returns. (National Center for Education Statistics, August 2007) ...

The Effect of Winning a First-Choice School Entry Lottery on Student Performance: Evidence From a Natural Experiment - This paper presents evidence on a changing education system in China, as well as the effect of school choice on student learning outcomes. This paper suggests that the characteristics of the school a student attends are far more important in determining educational outcomes than the method through which the school was selected. (Fang Lai, National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education, April 2007) ...

2007 Child Well-Being Index Special Focus Report on International Comparisons - This analysis compares the United States to the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. By comparing the United States to other industrialized, English-speaking countries, the report provides a more accurate baseline for comparison than other international assessments of child well-being. These Anglophone countries share a common language, similar cultural heritage, as well as comparable political and economic cultures. The report assembles 19 key international indicators of child well-being within seven domains of social life. (Kenneth Land, Foundation for Child Development, 2007)...

Child Poverty in Perspective: An overview of child well-being in rich countries - This report builds provides a comprehensive picture of child well being through the consideration of six dimensions: material well-being, health and safety, education, family and peer relationships, subjective well-being, behaviors and lifestyles informed by the Convention on the rights of the child and relevant academic literature. (UNICEF, 2007)...

Education at a Glance: 2007 - This publication examines the quality of learning outcomes, the policy levers and contextual factors that shape these outcomes, and the broader private and social returns that accrue to investments in education. The report addresses the needs of a range of users, from governments seeking to learn policy lessons to academics requiring data for further analysis to the general public wanting to monitor how its nation’s schools are progressing in producing world-class students. (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2007)...

Global Digest 2007: Comparing Education Statistics Across the World - This report presents the latest education statistics from primary to tertiary levels in more than 200 countries. This edition focuses on the financing of education and provides a series of indicators to compare spending patterns across countries and levels of education. (UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 2007)...

More Than a Horse Race: A Guide to International Tests of Student Achievement - The United States is often compared to other countries in education, usually showing that our students are not as competent in math and science, or that our education system is failing. This study examines international testing methods and compares student populations to consider how valid these assessments are for ranking the United States. (Jim Hull, Center for Public Education, January 2007) ...

Preparation Gap: Teacher Education for Middle School Mathematics in Six Countries - This report explores the results of a study of the mathematics content knowledge and pedagogy knowledge of students at the end of their teacher education programs in six countries: Korea, Taiwan, Bulgaria, Germany, Mexico and the United States. The results show important differences between students among the countries in terms of their knowledge of mathematics content as well as their knowledge of mathematics pedagogy. (Michigan State University Center for Research in Mathematics and Science Education, 2007)...

Education at a Glance 2006 - This report provides a rich, comparable and up-to-date collection of indicators on the performance of education systems in the 30 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries along with indicators for a number of partner countries from throughout the world. Key findings: (1) educational attainment is rising across the OECD area; (2) differences in student performance at age 15 are characterized by wide variations in the number performing below international norms; (3) investment in education brings high social and private returns, with completion of upper secondary education bringing a particularly large payback for individuals; (4) demographic change will have significant implications for resourcing education in some countries; (5) trends in spending on education vary by sector, as well as by country; (6) private funding is slowly becoming more important, mainly in tertiary education, but public support remains strong; (7) education extends well beyond compulsory schooling for most people, with a majority now taking part in tertiary education; and (8) different countries make very different choices in allocating resources to school instruction. (OECD, 2006)...

Measuring Up Internationally: Developing Skills and Knowledge for the Global Knowledge Economy - Although the United States continues to rank among the leaders in comparisons of performance in higher education, its leadership position has eroded. No longer the clear-cut top performer in participation and completion rates, the United States has been joined by other countries that have expanded access to and completion of higher education programs. This paper examines U.S. performance relative to other countries with advanced economies. (Alan Wagner, National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, September 2006) ...

Grants for Students: What They Do, Why They Work - Student aid policy around the developed world depends to varying degrees on the idea that the cost of post-secondary education needs to be subsidized. This report finds that despite the fact that governments around the world are spending hundreds of billions of dollars to support and widen participation in higher education, policymakers pay surprisingly little attention to what the research on these subsidies actually says. This paper summarizes the literature with respect to grants and their impact on access to education and finds that the evidence is neither simple nor straightforward. The paper identifies some critical issues in the data that have not received adequate attention and pose some serious questions of well-known economic theories. The paper’s concluding sections apply the lessons that can be drawn from the literature to existing policy regimes in OECD countries. (Alex Usher, Educational Policy Institute, August 2006) ...

U.S. Student and Adult Performance on International Assessments of Educational Achievement: Findings from the Condition of Education 2006 - Part of the Condition of Education 2006, this special analysis that presents key findings of recent international assessments that examine the performance of U.S. students in reading, mathematics and science and the literacy of adults compared with the performance of their peers in other countries. (Mariann Lemke and Patrick Gonzales, National Center for Education Statistics, June 2006) ...

Where immigrant students succeed – A comparative review of performance and engagement in PISA 2003 - Successful integration of immigrant populations is essential for ensuring social cohesion in immigrant receiving nations. This report analyses evidence from Programme for International Students Assessment (PISA) 2003 on outcomes of schooling including how well immigrant students perform in key school subjects at the age of 15, as well as how they assess themselves as learners and what their general attitudes are towards school. Two groups of immigrant students are analyzed: first-generation students who were born outside the country of assessment and whose parents were also born in a different country; and second-generation students who themselves were born in the country of assessment but whose parents were born in a different country. The analyses include 17 countries with significant immigrant student populations. (Petra Stanat and Gayle Christensen, Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, 2006) ...

Variations in the Relationship Between Nonschool Factors and Student Achievement on International Tests - This report describes differences in nonschool factors that are related to student achievement. The report investigates six nonschool factors: (1) highest level of education attained by either of the students’ parents, (2) the highest occupational status of either of the students’ parents, (3) the number of books that students have access to in the home, (4) whether students speak the native language of the country at home, (5) students’ immigrant status and (6) students’ family structure. (Gillian Hampden-Thompson and Jamie S. Johnston, National Center for Education Statistics, April 2006)...

Teaching Science in Five Countries: Results From the TIMSS 1999 Video Study - This report presents the results of a study of 8th-grade science teaching, conducted as part of the TIMSS 1999 Video Study. The nations include the United States and four countries that outperformed the United States on the 1995 TIMSS: Australia, the Czech Republic, Japan and the Netherlands. The report examines commonalities and differences regarding instructional organization, science content and student actions. Also available are report highlights. (National Center for Education Statistics, April 2006)...

Characteristics of U.S. 15-Year-Old Low Achievers in an International Context: Findings From Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2000 - This report examines the educational characteristics of low-performing 15-year-old students in the United States and analyzes differences between the characteristics of low-performing U.S. students and those from 32 other PISA countries. (Mariann Lemke, Anindita Sen, Jaime S. Johnston, Erin Pahlke, Trevor Williams, David Kastberg and Leslie Jocelyn, National Center for Education Statistics, October 2005)...

Cultivating Minds - This article argues that universal, high-quality primary and secondary education is achievable – and well within the ability of wealthy nations to fund – by the middle of the 21st century. The authors outline five changes essential to achieving that goal: (1) open discussions – nationally, regionally and internationally – on the goals of education; (2) a commitment to improving the effectiveness and economic efficiency of education; (3) a commitment to extending high-quality secondary education to all children; (4) recognition of the diverse character of educational systems in different countries, and adaptation of aid policies and educational assessment requirements to local contexts; and (5) more funding from rich countries for education in poor countries. (Joel E. Cohen and David E. Bloom, Finance & Development, International Monetary Fund, June 2005)...

Comparative Indicators of Education in the United States and Other G8 Countries: 2004 - This document reports 23 education indicators for the G8 nations – Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Russian Federation, the U.K. and the United States. Spanning from preprimary to postsecondary education and the larger context of education, the indicators run from early childhood enrollment to secondary students’ engagement in reading to higher education enrollment and the earnings gained from higher levels of education. The appendix provides a two-page profile of the structure of each nation’s education system. The report notes that the average number of hours secondary school teachers work during a year varies from 557 in Japan to 1,127 in the United States. (Anindita Sen, Lisette A. Partelow and David C. Miller, National Center for Education Statistics, February 2005)...

TIMSS 2003 International Reports: Science and Mathematics Reports - These two reports analyze data from the 2003 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) at the 4th- and 8th-grade levels, providing detailed results in science and mathematics. Forty-nine countries participated in the test in 2003, allowing for student achievement comparisons between nations, and providing countries that participated in previous tests with trend data. (Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Eugenio J. Gonzalez and Steven J. Chrotowski, TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center, Boston College, December 2004)...

Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2005 Edition - This document provides a rich, comparable and up-to-date collection of indicators on the performance of education systems, focusing on the 30 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. Indicators examine who participates in education; what is spent on it; how education and learning systems operate; and a wide range of outcomes, ranging from how well secondary school children can solve problems to the effect of education on adults' chances of employment. New materials in this report include results of the 2003 survey of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), data on earnings distribution by levels of education, evidence of non-economic outcomes of education, an analysis of student learning time out of school and more. (OECD, 2005)...

Global Higher Education Rankings - This report is the first systematic and rigorous exploration of the affordability and accessibility of higher education within an international comparative context. The report examines data in 15 countries: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. Among the report's conclusions are that Finland and the Netherlands are the undisputed success stories of the survey in terms of accessibility and affordability. Both have large student bodies, high attainment rates, extensive grant programs, and student bodies that are reasonably reflective of broader society. (Alex Usher and Amy Cervenan, Educational Policy Institute, 2005)...

Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2003 Summary: U.S. Performance in Mathematics Literacy and Problem Solving - This summary contains results from PISA mathematics literacy and problem solving tests of 15-year olds residing in Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. U.S. students scored below the OECD average in mathematics literacy and problem solving, and even the highest achieving U.S. students were, on average, outperformed by their OECD counterparts. Commissioner remarks as well as a link to the full report. (National Center for Education Statistics, December 2004)...

Highlights from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2003 - The 2003 TIMSS study provides information on the performance in math and science by 4th and/or 8th graders in 46 countries. In some nations, changes in student achievement in these subjects can be tracked from 1995 to 2003. Findings: In 2003, U.S. 4th and 8th graders exceeded the international average, but their performance appeared less stellar when compared to just their peers in OECD-member countries. American 8th graders made substantial gains in average math performance between 1995 and 2003, while U.S. 4th graders’ scores remained level over this same period. The report also is broken out by chapter. (Patrick Gonzales, Juan Carlos Guzmán, Lisette Partelow, Erin Pahlke, Leslie Jocelyn, David Kastberg and Trevor Williams, National Center for Education Statistics, December 2004)...

Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2004 Edition - The focus of this edition is on the quality of learning outcomes, the policy levers and contextual factors that shape these outcomes, and the broader private and social returns on investments in education. For the first time, the publication also provides indicators on how the labor market returns to education have evolved over time as education systems have expanded. (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2004)...

Comparative Indicators of Education in the United States and Other G-8 Countries: 2002 - This report shows how the U.S. education system compares to other major industrialized countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russian Federation, United Kingdom) in five areas: (1) the context of education, (2) preprimary and primary education, (3) secondary education, (4) higher education, and (5) education and the labor force. (Joel D. Sherman, Steven D. Honegger, Jennifer L. McGivern, National Center for Education Statistics, March 2003)...

2002 Education for All Global Monitoring Report: Is the World on Track? - According to this new report on world education from the United Nations, 28 countries – accounting for over 26% of the world's population – may not reach any of three critical education goals, including achieving universal primary education, eliminating gender disparities and reducing by one-half adult illiteracy rates. Another 43 countries, covering 35% of the world's population, risk falling short of at least one of these three goals. (UNESCO, 2002)...

How Well Are American Students Learning? - This report investigates the gap in achievement between the United States and other nations in mathematics and reading. It includes a survey of foreign exchange students that indicates that the culture of American high schools gives less priority to academic excellence than do other countries. (Tom Loveless, Brown Center On Education Policy, September 2001)...

I Love Teaching But…: International Patterns of Teacher Discontent - This article reports the results of research into the career motivation and satisfaction of a sample of over 3,000 teachers and school administrators in four countries: Australia, New Zealand, England and the United States. It concludes that while teachers in all four countries report high satisfaction at the personal levels of working directly with children, they rated their overall occupational satisfaction as low. (C. Scott, B. Stone and S. Dinham, Education Policy Analysis Archives, August 1, 2001)...

U.S. Seen Losing Edge on Education Measures MS Word - This article provides a comprehensive summary of a recent report on literacy from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). According to the report, the United States is losing its competitive edge in a rapidly changing global market. The OECD recommends “national remedies, not isolated remedies.” (John Gehring, Education Week, April 4, 2001)...

Mathematics and Science Benchmarking Reports for TIMSS 1999: A Bridge to School Improvement MS Word - The Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and Third International Mathematics and Science Study-Repeat (TIMSS-R) are the result of the need in the American education community for reliable and timely data on the mathematics and science achievement of our students compared to that of students in other countries. TIMSS, conducted in 1995, involved 42 countries at three grade levels and was the largest, most comprehensive and rigorous assessment of its kind ever undertaken. In 1999, TIMSS-R collected data in 38 countries at the 8th-grade level to provide information about change in the mathematics and science achievement of our students compared to those in other nations over the last four years. (International Study Center, Boston College, Lynch School of Education, 2001)...

What Democracy Means to Ninth-Graders: U.S. Results from the International IEA Civic Education Study - Complete results from this study are now available on the NCES Web site. According to the study, America's 9th graders outscore their peers in 27 countries in their use of civic-related skills and score above the international average in total civics knowledge. Here are the highlights of the report. (Stephanie Baldi, Marianne Perie, Dan Skidmore, Elizabeth Greenberg, Carole Hahn, NCES, April 2001) ...


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