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research studies database
Research Studies provide concise, bulleted Findings, Policy Implications, and Recommendations on key issues, such as:

  • High school rigor and exit exams
  • Better serving English language learners
  • Boosting reading and math achievement
  • College entry and completion
  • Reducing dropout rates and increasing graduation rates
  • And many more!  (Go to the database.)

progress of education reform
progress of ed reformThe Progress of Education Reform addresses the hottest education issue and provides information in a concise and easy-to-read format based on the most recent studies and reports.

ECS Document Collections
ECS regularly issues useful compilations, summaries and/or comparisons of state policies—enacted or pending—on a wide variety of education topics, listed on the right. For a list of our most current documents, please see our What's New page.

Please use the links below to download PDFs that include all the documents for a given year.

If you'd like to order a print copy, contact the ECS Distribution Center at 303.299.3692 or jivey@ecs.org.

Reprint Permission
ECS is pleased to have other organizations or individuals share its materials with their constituents. To request permission to excerpt part of our publications either in print
or electronically, please e-mail ecs@ecs.org, subject: Reprint Permission. State the full name of the document, and supply detail about how the permission will be used (audience, quantity, etc).  A response will be provided within 24 hours.

 

 

ECS Policy Analysis Topics:

(Note: Not all topics have an ECS document associated with them. If you are looking for information on a specific topic, you can use our search function.)

High School

Dual enrollment: A strategy to improve college-going and college completion among rural students - Research shows that students who participate in dual enrollment are more likely than their peers to finish high school, enter college and complete a degree. This means dual enrollment can greatly benefit students in rural areas, which report lower college-going and postsecondary attainment rates than other locales. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, ECS, June 2014) ...

Dual Enrollment: A Strategy to Improve College-Going and College Completion among Rural Students - Research shows that students who participate in dual enrollment are more likely than their peers to finish high school, enter college and complete a degree. This means dual enrollment can greatly benefit students in rural areas, which report lower college-going and postsecondary attainment rates than other locales. However, rural areas face unique challenges in providing high-quality dual enrollment programs. This report discusses how states are rising to these challenges. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, ECS, June 2014)...

CTE Dual Enrollment: A Strategy for College Completion and Workforce Investment PDF - Dual enrollment programs are expanding -- and so are dual enrollment programs with a career and technical education (CTE) focus. The most recent data available from the National Center on Education Statistics show that 82 percent of high schools had students enrolling in dual enrollment coursework in 2010-11. Research makes it clear that CTE dual enrollment courses improve outcomes for traditionally underserved students. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, ECS, March 2014)...

Increasing Student Success in Dual Enrollment Programs: 13 Model State-Level Policy Components - ECS identified 13 model state-level policy components that may increase student participation and success in dual enrollment programs. These components fall under four broad categories: access, finance, ensuring course quality and transferability of credit. Examples of state laws containing these components are incorporated throughout this report. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, ECS, February 2014)...

State-Level Policy Landscape and Policy Developments PDF - These PowerPoint slides, presented as part of an American Youth Policy Forum (AYPF) webinar Dual Enrollment: Latest Research and Policy Development, sets forth four broad policy areas states must address to ensure program quality and access, as well as 13 key policy elements under those four areas. The presentation also identifies current trends in state dual enrollment policymaking, and drivers for recent state policy activity. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, ECS, June 2012)...

Defining College Readiness: Where Are We Now? Where Do We Go from Here? - This PowerPoint, presented at ECS’ 2012 National Forum on Education Policy, identifies the (1) Benefits and challenges of existing state college-readiness definitions, (2) Key elements of any state’s college-readiness definition, (3) Other approaches states may consider using (and critical policy components), and (4) Importance of linking college counseling and college completion to college-readiness definitions and efforts. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, Education Commission of the States, July 2012)...

50-State Mathematics Requirements for the Standard High School Diploma PDF - Math graduation requirements: This report specifies the high school graduation requirements in math in the 50 states. It notes two growing trends in state-set math graduation requirements – the ever-larger number of states requiring four units of math to graduate, and the small but growing number of states specifying that a math course must be taken each year of high school or in the student's senior year. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, Education Commission of the States, March 2012)...

End-of-Course Exams PDF - This report identifies the states with current or pending state-level end-of-course assessment (EOC) programs, the subjects in which EOCs are administered in the states, and the EOCs (if any) students must pass to graduate from high school. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, Education Commission of the States, March 2012)...

The Progress of Education Reform: Defining College Readiness PDF - This issue of The Progress of Education Reform considers potential ways states might define “college readiness,” identifying for each approach potential benefits, potential drawbacks and key components to consider. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, Education Commission of the States, March 2012)...

12 for 2012 - 12 for 2012 is an ECS “read of the field,” built on our scrutiny of new reports and research, and our analysis of emerging drivers of change. The 12 policy areas do not represent an exhaustive list of the critical issues for the coming year, nor is this report intended to dictate your education policy priorities for 2012. Rather, 12 for 2012 is intended to stimulate thinking around how best to craft the “2.0” of powerful policy across the states. (ECS, 2012)...

2011 NACEP National Conference - This PowerPoint identifies 13 elements of a comprehensive state dual enrollment policy. (PDF, 741K, 10/11)...

The Progress of Education Reform: Credit Recovery and Proficiency-Based Credit PDF -

This issue of The Progress of Education Reform will address the following questions:

  • What is credit recovery? What is proficiency-based credit?
  • How is credit recovery different from traditional remediation?
  • Why does providing for these options matter for high school completion?
  • How widespread are these options across the states? And what do state policies look like?
  • What are the challenges in implementing credit recovery and proficiency-based credit
    programs?
  • What does the research say on the effectiveness of credit recovery and proficiency-based
    credit?
  • What are the essential policy components?

(Jennifer Dounay Zinth, Education Commission of the States, June 2011)

...

Exit Exams: What impact do they have on student outcomes? - Access related research titles from the ECS Research Studies Database. Links embedded in titles will take you to each study's major findings and recommendations....

High School Curriculum: How important is rigor? - Access related research titles from the ECS Research Studies Database. Links embedded in titles will take you to each study's major findings and recommendations....

Ninth Grade: Is it a make- or-break time for a successful high school career? - Access related research titles from the ECS Research Studies Database. Links embedded in titles will take you to each study's major findings and recommendations....

Advanced Placement: Do state policies matter? - Access related research titles from the ECS Research Studies Database. Links embedded in titles will take you to each study's major findings and recommendations....

From the ECS State Policy Database: High School--College Readiness - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: High School--Early Colleges/Middle Colleges - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

Helping Students Get a Head Start on the "Real World": State Strategies for Early High School Graduation MS Word PDF - This ECS Policy Brief considers several policy approaches to facilitate (or incentivize) early graduation and provides caveats and essential policy components for these various approaches: (1) Proficiency-based credit; (2) Virtual high schools; (3) Completion of high school-level material before grade 9; (4)"Dual enrollment plus": Programs that allow students who may have completed high school graduation requirements early to enroll full-time in postsecondary or career/technical courses; and (5) Scholarship incentives for early graduation. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, Education Commission of the States, May 2010)...

The Progress of Education Reform: End-of-Course Exams PDF - In recent years, criticism of high school graduates’ lack of readiness for college and work has led a number of states to raise high school graduation requirements — particularly in terms of the number and rigor of courses students must pass. This issue of The Progress of Education Reform addresses end-of-course assessments at the high school level. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, Education Commission of the States, April 2010)...

Progress and Gaps in College Preparation Policy PDF - Stagnant college completion rates, high postsecondary remediation rates—and the high costs associated with postsecondary remediation—make clear that better alignment is needed between K-12 and postsecondary. This ECS Perspective sets forth four policy levers necessary for true reform to take place, and evaluates state progress to date in each of the four areas. (Michael W. Kirst, Stanford University, October 2009)...

State Approaches to Improving High School Outcomes: A National Perspective - On October 6, ECS Senior Policy Analyst Jennifer Dounay Zinth presented to Oklahoma's Legislative Task Force on Achieving Classroom Excellence, created by 2009 S.B. 1168. Dounay Zinth's presentation raises the need for states to focus greater policy attention on the middle grades, and provides information about national trends in high school assessments, including: end-of-course and exit exams, substitute assessments for students who do not pass exit exams and administration of the ACT to all 11th graders.(Jennifer Dounay Zinth, Education Commission of the States, October 2009)...

P-16/P-20 Councils - P-16 councils were first established in the 1990s to convene state leaders representing early learning (the "P") through the first four years of college (the "16"). This ECS database provides information on existing P-16/P-20 Councils in the states. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, May 2008)...

Adolescent Literacy - This database provides 50-state information on 13 approaches to address student literacy needs in grades 4-12. (Melodye Bush, Education Commission of the States, June 2008)...

Career/Technical Education - This database provides 50-state information on numerous state policies with implications for student access to and quality of high school career/technical education programs. (Melodye Bush, Education Commission of the States, August 2008)...

Early/Middle College High Schools - Early college high schools and middle college high schools are typically geared toward serving low-income, minority, and at-risk youth. Early college high schools can be located in a school-within-a-school, two- or four-year college campus, or third-party location, and allow students, five years after high school entry, to complete a high school diploma along with an associate’s degree, technical certification, or enough credits to enter a four-year institution as a junior. Middle colleges are usually situated on a college campus and allow students to concurrently earn high school and college credit in a specialized, supportive environment. This database provides information on the small number of states that, in lieu of having early and middle college high schools apply for waivers from state policies to address their specific program structures, have adopted comprehensive policies specifically tailored to the unique needs of such programs. (Jennifer Dounay and Michael Griffith, Education Commission of the States, July 2008)...

High School-Level STEM Initiatives - This database provides information on a variety of state efforts intended to increase student interest and achievement in science, technology, engineering and mathematics in grades 9-12. (Kyle Zinth, Education Commission of the States, June 2008)...

International Baccalaureate Database - The International Baccalaureate (IB) program offers highly motivated students the opportunity to complete a cohesive, challenging curriculum aligned with international standards. This 50-state database, focused on the IB Diploma Program for 11th and 12th graders, provides information on numerous state policies related to program quality and access. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, August 2007)...

Postsecondary Feedback Systems - This database provides information about the data systems in more than 20 states that provide districts and high schools with information about how their graduates have fared after entering postsecondary education in the state. (Michael Colasanti, Education Commission of the States, June 2008)...

State Initiatives to Improve High Schools - This database provides information on a variety of state-level efforts, including: (1) States that subsidize testing fees for the ACT, SAT, PLAN, PSAT, etc.; (2) State initiatives to improve the senior year and 9th grade year; (3) Outreach efforts to ensure students are well-prepared to finish high school and apply for college admission and financial aid; (4) Initiatives that require students to create long-term plans (i.e., 5-year plan, declaration of major, etc.); and (5) States that authorize or require the use of e-transcripts. (Michael Colasanti, Education Commission of the States, July 2008)...

Student Support and Remediation - This database provides 50-state information on high school-level remediation policies, and on alternative approaches to allow at-risk students and returning dropouts earn a high school diploma. (Kyle Zinth and Melodye Bush, Education Commission of the States, June 2007)...

ECS High School Resources and Services MS Word PDF - This two-page document describes the variety of resources and services ECS offers to answer state leaders' questions about high school, transitions to postsecondary, and P-16/P-20 alignment. (Education Commission of the States, July 2009)...

Race to the Top: Promising Approaches to Achieving College- and Career-Ready Goals (Goal 1) MS Word PDF - (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, March 2009)...

Dual Enrollment - This database provides 50-state information on 17 policy components related to program quality, funding and access. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, Education Commission of the States, December 2013)...

Strategies to Empower Low-Income and Minority Students in Gaining Admission to and Paying for College PDF - This policy brief identifies barriers created by federal, state and local policies that pose a particular challenge for aspiring first-generation college students in the college and financial aid application process, and provides suggestions for how state-level policy might address each barrier. A final section on "other" barriers to college entry seeks to alert policymakers to emerging issues for which adequate institutional, state and federal policy responses are needed. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, November 2008)...

Ensuring Successful Student Transitions from the Middle Grades to High School MS Word PDF - The 9th grade year is critical to students’ success in high school. This ECS PolicyBrief looks at research on the 9th-grade transition, some expert recommendations and examples of relevant policies in place in the states. (Kathy Christie and Kyle Zinth, Education Commission of the States, November 2008)...

Landmines P-16/P-20 Councils Encounter — and How They Can Be Addressed (or Avoided Altogether) PDF - Building upon the findings of the ECS database on P-16 and P-20 councils, and experience in the states, this policy brief sets forth the numerous challenges that can foil the best-laid plans of P-16 and P-20 councils, and suggests how they can be addressed or avoided altogether. These "landmines" lie in four areas: Actors, Agenda, Appropriation of Resources and Political Climate. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, November 2008)...

Improving Outcomes for Traditionally Underserved Students Through Early College High Schools PDF - Early college high schools allow students, five years after entering high school, to complete an associate’s degree, technical certification, or earn enough college credit to enter a four-year postsecondary institution as a junior. While early colleges in many states seek waivers from state requirements to meet the specifications such programs require, a small number of states have enacted integrated state-level policies to provide programs with the specialized funding and parameters they require. This Policy Brief [do we italicize and/or capitalize this], building upon the state policy research in the ECS database on early/middle college high schools, defines early college high schools, clarifies how they differ from traditional dual enrollment programs, provides the most recent research on positive impact on academic outcomes for traditionally underserved students who participate in such programs, and sets forth the model state policy components that undergird quality programs. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, October 2008)...

Improving the Skills and Knowledge of the High School Teachers We Already Have PDF - While numerous state efforts seek to recruit, train and retain more teachers, fewer initiatives focus on developing teachers, particlarly high school teachers, once they enter the classroom. This policy brief examines seven high-leverage components to strengthen teacher professional development at the high school level and provides state policy suggestions for each. (Jennifer Dounay and Kathy Christie, Education Commission of the States, October 2008)...

High School Remediation PDF - Measured purely in monetary terms, the costs of providing remediation at the high school level can seem high, but the costs of not providing adequate and timely remediation are even higher. This ECS Policy Brief provides the elements of effective remediation policies and examples of what some states are trying to do to meet the demands of preparing students for college and careers. (Kyle Zinth and Melodye Bush, Education Commission of the States, October 2008) ...

Adolescent Literacy PDF - Traditionally reading is taught in the primary grades. However, a growing awareness of the need to address the reading skills of adolescents has resulted in states incorporating literacy instruction in their secondary-level teacher preparation and certification requirements, modifying and aligning curriculum standards, and establishing state policies to guide change. (Melodye Bush, Education Commission of the States, September 2008)...

Virtual High Schools MS Word PDF - Statewide virtual high schools are state-led programs created by state legislatures or state-level departmental agencies, and most commonly administered by a state’s education department. This ECS StateNote provides 50-state information on policies related to student curriculum and access, teaching quality and program quality/accountability. (Melodye Bush, Education Commission of the States, August 2008)...

Beyond the GED: State Strategies to Help Former Dropouts Earn a High School Diploma MS Word PDF - Seventy-four percent of the high school dropouts age 16-25 report that, if they could do it all over again, they would have stayed in school. This ECS Policy Brief provides information on various state policy components that can facilitate former dropouts’ ability to earn a high school diploma. The brief also addresses finance elements state policymakers must consider when developing new education options. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, August 2008)...

Strengthening Parents’ Ability to Provide the Guidance and Support That Matter Most in High School MS Word PDF - The higher the expectations of parents, the steadier their guidance and support, and the greater their sense of partnership with teachers and other staff, the better their child’s chances of academic success. This ECS Policy Brief reviews: (1) Research on the types of parental involvement that positively impact high school students; (2) State and local policies and practices that reflect and reinforce a commitment to parental involvement; and (3) The parental involvement component of No Child Left Behind. (Tim Taylor and Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, August 2008)...

Dispelling the Myths About the Negative Effects of Raising High School Graduation Requirements MS Word PDF - In the last several years, a number of states have raised high school graduation requirements, particularly in mathematics and science. The negative impacts of raising high school graduation requirements are often raised by well-intentioned individuals as counterarguments to discussions in favor of raising students’ course requirements; however these counterarguments are often based on misperceptions, or "myths." This policy brief presents the potential consequences commonly raised by critics of increased high school graduation requirements. Each "myth" is followed by relevant research and/or experience, as well as guiding principles for best policy in establishing more challenging curricular expectations for all students. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, August 2008)...

High School Agenda: Who’s Doing What MS Word PDF - This document provides information on the projects, initiatives and products of ECS and other national education and policy organizations on the subject of high school improvement. It is designed to direct policymakers to various groups and resources that might be useful in developing and implementing effective high school policy, and highlight important resources for anyone concerned with improving high schools. This May 2008 document reflects high school-focused reports published since spring 2005 and updates the May 2005 version of this document. (Michael Colasanti, Education Commission of the States, May 2008)...

The Progress of Education Reform: Counseling PDF - This issue of Progress of Education Reform takes a closer look at research related to:
  • The variation in access of college counseling across schools and the impact of schools, districts, postsecondary institutions and states on the availability and type of college counseling
  • The types of information traditionally underserved students need to prepare for postsecondary education
  • The varying types of guidance students receive based on their academic pathway or ethnic background.
(Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, June 2008)
...

From the ECS State Policy Database: International Baccalaureate - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

International Baccalaureate PDF - ...

The State Role in Accelerating Student Growth in Low-Performing High Schools MS Word PDF - The goal of state intervention in a school or district designated as low-performing is not to punish. It is to help figure out how to improve student learning. The challenge, particularly for a chief state school officer or state board of education, is how best to leverage assistance to schools that have varying degrees of need. This ECS Policy Brief examines what has been learned from research and looks at the subsequent implications for state policy. It also makes suggestions for specific actions and provides examples of approaches that states have taken to amend governance and organizational structures, improve instructional conditions and increase instructional capacity. (Kathy Christie, Education Commission of the States, June 2007)...

What Policymakers Need to Know About the Cost of Implementing Lab-Based Science Course Requirements MS Word PDF - An increasing number of states have required that some – or all – Carnegie units in science for high school graduation be fulfilled by lab sciences. This ECS Policy Brief examines the research that supports implementing lab science requirements for high school graduation; the number of states requiring science lab credits for high school graduation; the costs associated with fitting schools with science labs – in terms of capital, equipment, operations, maintenance and other needs; and the alternatives to traditional labs and their respective benefits and disadvantages in terms of cost, space, teaching staff needs and student learning. (Mike Griffith, Education Commission of the States, June 2007)...

Helping Equip Teachers to Answer Students' Questions on College Knowledge MS Word PDF - While a majority of both honors and non-honors track high school students in Stanford University's Bridge Project sample reported speaking with a teacher at least once about college admissions requirements, teachers reported receiving very little, if any, information to answer their students' questions. This ECS Policy Brief examines the findings of the Bridge Project's research on students' questions to teachers on "college knowledge," teachers' responses to these questions, and state policies that would better equip teachers to provide students with accurate information on college policies. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, April 2007)...

Advanced Placement Database - This database provides 50-state information on the following: (1) states that require all high schools to offer AP courses; (2) states that provide financial incentives for AP courses; (3) states that provide accountability incentives for AP courses; (4) state programs and funding for teacher training; (5) subsidies for testing fees; (6) states that provide scholarship incentives for achieving certain scores; (7) collaboration on AP between K-12 and higher education systems; (8) state support for encouraging access to AP; and (9) states that require students to take the AP exam to receive course credit. This database will be updated as new policies are enacted or amended. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, August 2006)...

Involving Families in High School and College Expectations MS Word PDF - While the vast majority of today's high school students – and their parents – anticipate they will attend college, far too many students lack knowledge about the essential steps that must be taken to make the high school to college transition. This ECS Policy Brief provides a synthesis of the research on the college aspirations of many students and their parents today, as well as the documented lack of information far too many families possess on the necessary steps to make the transition from high school to postsecondary. The brief identifies current state policies that address each of the steps necessary to negotiate the bridge from high school to college, and highlights a Texas policy aimed at annually evaluating the accessibility and affordability of public postsecondary institutions in the state. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, August 2006)...

Science and Math Graduation Requirements: Classes of 2006 through 2011 - Many states are increasing the number of mathematics or science units a student must complete to earn a high school diploma. These two documents provide an overview of the trend through the class of 2011 in mathematics and science. (Kyle Zinth, Education Commission of the States, Updated August 2006)...

From the ECS State Policy Database: High School--Dropout Rates/Graduation Rates - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: High School--GED (General Education Development) - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

50-State View of High School Graduation Requirements in Mathematics and Science MS Word PDF - This document provides readers with a 50-state view of high school graduation requirements in mathematics and science. (Kyle Zinth and Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, April 2006)...

Dual Enrollment: Policy Issues Confronting State Policymakers MS Word PDF - A growing number of policymakers in the states see dual enrollment as a way to increase college access and success. This policy brief provides background information about dual enrollment and summarizes the research surrounding the issue. Examples of state dual enrollment programs and a list of policy considerations are also included. (Carl Krueger, Education Commission of the States, March 2006)...

Advanced Placement MS Word PDF - The Advanced Placement (AP) program has seen exponential growth in recent years. This ECS Policy Brief examines some of the reasons for this expansion, including the benefits students gain by taking AP courses and exams, the AP audit process, the pre-AP program and perhaps most importantly, the essential components of a comprehensive state AP policy and how these components take shape in Arkansas policy – the state furthest along in addressing each element of the comprehensive policy. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, February 2006)...

Additional Coursework Options and Requirements - This database provides 50-state information on state policies related to (1) requiring all students to have an individual graduation plan; (2) early graduation; (3) proficiency-based credit; (4) requiring all students to declare a major or career pathway. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, January 2006)...

College-Ready Standards - This database provides 50-state information on state policies requiring all students to (1) complete a college/employer-recommended curriculum and (2) take the ACT or SAT. The database also includes disaggregated college-readiness data from the Manhattan Institute. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, January 2006)...

Differentiated Diplomas - These databases provide information on states that offer an Honors/College Prep Diploma or Endorsement and/or Technical/Vocational Diploma or Endorsement as an alternative to the standard high school diploma. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, January 2006)...

Standard High School Graduation Requirements - This database provides 50-state information on high school graduation requirements in all subject areas. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, January 2006)...

ECS Online High School Topics Database - A searchable online database on selected High School topics, including Graduation Requirements and College-Ready Standards....

Ensuring Rigor in the High School Curriculum: What States Are Doing MS Word PDF - While increasing the number of courses required for high school graduation – and requiring students to complete specific courses – is a good first step toward preparing students for the world after high school, it is equally important for states to ensure that high school course content is adequately challenging. This policy brief identifies several policy options – and provides examples of state action for each – for ensuring rigor in the high school curriculum. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, January 2006)...

From the ECS State Policy Database: High School--Exit Exams - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

Seven Lessons Learned from Minimum Competency Testing MS Word - Classic minimum competency testing (MCT) burst onto the state education scene with great excitement in the mid-1970s. An education reform mandated by noneducators, it was based on the notion that a minimum level of achievement should be established for the basic skills, and that all students should be expected to attain this level of competency to move through school and graduate. (Chris Pipho, Education Commission of the States, 2002)...

From the ECS State Policy Database: High School--Advanced Placement - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: High School--Dual/Concurrent Enrollment - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: High School--Graduation Requirements - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: High School - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

Online Databases
Roll over each database for a description.

p-3 archived databases
kindergarten artscan
k-12 choice
charter highly qualified requirements for special ed
choice-open enrollment NCLB
citizen-ed NCLB snaps
dual kindergarten
high school leadership
K-12 Paraprofessionals: Explore our findings for Title I Instructional Paraprofessional qualifications and certification requirements, paraprofessional professional development programs and state assessments for paraprofessionals.
school accountability literacy
service-learning teacher certification
teacher tenure teacher comp
postsecondary Teacher Professional Development
Postsecondary teacher prep
transfer and articulation special-ed teacher certification
  dual
charter
 
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