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Early Learning: Kindergarten Online Database

Related Links

P-3 Early Learning & the Early Grades Issue Site

ECS Kindergarten Issue Site

Welcome to the Education Commission of the States' Kindergarten Database

Selected highlights from the kindergarten database:

Kindergarten entrance age
  • In half of the 50 states plus the District of Columbia, students must turn age 5 by the end of September to attend kindergarten.
  • Nineteen states requires students to turn age 5 on or before Sept. 1.
Kindergarten attendance requirement
  • Fifteen states plus D.C. require children to attend kindergarten at age five or require kindergarten attendance prior to enrolling in first grade.
  • Thirty-five states do not require kindergarten attendance.
Compulsory school age
  • Most states require children to attend school by age 6 (26 states) or age 7 (14 states).
  • In eight states Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina and Virginia plus D.C., the compulsory school age is 5.
  • Pennsylvania and Washington require children to attend school at age 8.

State Profiles
Select a state
50-State Reports


1. Compulsory School Age

2. Kindergarten Entrance Age

3. Age Exemptions / Waivers

4. Child Must Attend Kindergarten

5. District Must Offer Kindergarten

6. District Offering Exemptions / Notes

7. Minimum Required Days / Hours for Kindergarten

8. Kindergarten Entrance Assessments

9. Curriculum and Alignment

10. Kindergarten Standards

11. Teacher:Student Ratios

12. Access to Kindergarten: Age Issues in State Statutes

Why our methodology matters:

  • Primary resources: ECS draws its information primarily from state statute, rules and regulations, recently enacted legislation, executive orders and other primary source documents.
  • For this database: ECS searched statutes, regulations and executive orders.

Related ECS products:

Staff contact:
Emily Workman, Policy Analyst



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