Welcome to the ECS 50-State K-12 Governance
This database contains information about the K-12 governance
structures in each state, which are broken into three levels:
State, Regional and School District. The state level has information
about governors, legislatures, chief state school officers and
state boards of education. The regional level has information
about regional boards and regional superintendents. The school
district level has information about local school boards, local
superintendents, schools and collective bargaining agreements.
From this database, you can generate profiles of individual state
K-12 governance structures, and 50-state reports on state K-12 governance
structures. (Last updated, August 2013)
Please contact us with questions or comments about the database.
This 50-State Analysis will answer these questions:
- Are chief state school officers (CSSOs) elected or appointed?
- Appointed: 38 states (76%)
- State boards appoint in 23 states (61%)
- Governor appoints in 15 states (39%)
- Elected: 13 states (25%).
- Are members of the state board of education elected or appointed?
- Appointed: 33 states (70%)
- Elected: 7 states (15%)
- Mix of appointed and elected: 7 states (15%).
- What is the level of the governor’s influence?
- In 24 states (48%), the governor appoints all of the voting members of the state board
- In 15 states (30%), the governor appoints some, but not all, of the state board of education members
- In 9 of the 15 states, the governor appoints 75%-89% of the state board of education members
- In 6 of the 15 states, the governor appoints 5%-57% of the state board members
- In 11 states (22%), the governor does not appoint any of the voting members of the state board.
- Is there an executive-level secretary of education in addition to the chief state school officer?
- In 5 states (10%): Kentucky, Massachusetts, Oklahoma, Oregon, and Virginia
- 46 states (90%) do not have such a position.