What are the characteristics of the teacher workforce and what impact do those characteristics have on teacher recruitment and retention? What practices and strategies hold promise for improving teacher recruitment and retention? This ECS report reviews the body of research addressing these issues to ascertain what evidence the research truly provides and what its implications are for policy. The report is based on a review of 91 studies selected, using rigorous criteria, from more than 300 originally considered. These studies were used to answer eight questions about teacher recruitment and retention that are of particular importance to policy and education leaders. This report is the second in a series of reports on teaching quality. The first report on teacher preparation is available at www.ecs.org/tpreport. The third will focus on research around teacher licensure and certification to be released in October 2005.

The contents of this report were developed under a grant to the Education Commission of the States (ECS) from the U.S. Department of Education's Fund for the Improvement of Education, award number R215U000010. The contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Education and should not be viewed as endorsed by the federal government.

© 2005 ECS