P-3 Grades 1-3 addresses the first six grades once children start school. What do policymakers need to consider to ensure kids are receiving the high-quality, age-appropriate experiences they need to be successful when they leave the primary grades? How can policymakers make sure every child leaves the early years reading and prepared for 4th-grade work?
Third Grade Literacy Policies: Identification, Intervention, Retention This paper examines policies to promote 3rd-grade reading proficiency, including early identification of and intervention for struggling readers, as well as retention as an action of last resort. The authors outline case studies in both Florida and New York City, and identify decisions policymakers must consider as they implement policies around 3rd-grade literacy. (Stephanie Rose and Karen Schimke, ECS, March 2012)