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State accountability systems are typically designed around two types of measures. The first is student achievement, as measured by students' or schools scores on standards-based state assessments. The second type of measure includes such things as attendance, graduation and dropout rates.

Other data are also collected and used for reporting, disaggregation, or analysis purposes. These may include ethnicity, gender, course-taking patterns, and students' eligibility for the federal free and reduced lunch program, which is an indicator of socioeconomic status.

This issue site provides information about the measures and indicators typically used in state accountability systems, and how they are used to rate and/or report on school performance.


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