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Interpreting the Evidence on Life Cycle Skill Formation
To develop new economic models to synthesize and interpret empirical literature on human skill formation and to provide a theoretical framework for interpreting the evidence, for guiding the next generation of empirical studies and for formulating policies.
Issue/Topic: Student Achievement; Student Achievement--Closing the Achievement Gap
Author(s): Lochner, Lance; Heckman, James; Masterov, Dimitriy; Cunha, Flavio
Publication: Handbook of the Economics of Education
Published On: 3/28/2005
Findings/Results:
  • Cognitive ability affects both the likelihood of acquiring advanced training and higher education. Both cognitive and noncognitive abilities matter in determining participation in crime, teenage pregnancy, drug use and participation in ...
  • 2005-03-28T00:00:00
    Using Available Evidence to Estimate the Cost of Educational...
    To demonstrate that it is possible to provide a set of programmatic offerings that corresponds well with an emerging, research-based consensus about what constitutes best practices. This is done by showing what could be purchased with the national average per-pupil expenditure if applied to one adequacy approach, (the evidence-based approach), and how these resources have been linked to increases in student performance.
    Issue/Topic: Finance--Adequacy/Core Cost
    Author(s): Odden, Allan; Picus, Lawrence; Goetz, Michael
    Publication: Education Finance and Policy
    Season: Summer 2008
    Findings/Results:

    Components of the “evidence-based model”

    A review of research and best practices results in an “evidence-based model” that recommends the following resources in prototype schools with student enrollments of 432 (elementary...

    2008-06-01T00:00:00
    Funding Student Learning: How to Align Education Resources w...
    To identify the shortcomings of education finance systems today when measured against the goal of student learning, and against the design principles that better link resources with student learning. To identify the funding mechanisms consistent with those principles and the conditions necessary to implement these practices.
    Issue/Topic: Finance
    Author(s): Kirst, Michael; Loeb, Susanna; Guthrie, James; Odden, Allan; Hill, Paul; Liu, Goodwin; Monk, David; Weiss, Joanne; Cross, Christopher; Adams, Jacob; Edley, Christopher
    Organization(s): University of California, Berkeley; Cross & Joftus, LLC; Claremont Graduate University; Peabody College, Vanderbilt University; New Schools Venture Fund; Consortium for Policy Research in Education; Pennsylvania State University; Stanford University; Center on Reinventing Public Education University of Washington
    Season: Fall 2008
    Findings/Results:

    Ambitious Learning Goals Require a New Approach to Education Finance

    • Finance systems were not designed to support ambitious learning goals. Instead, thes...
    2008-09-01T00:00:00
    Review of Empirical Evidence About School Size Effects: A Po...
    To determine the impact of school size on an array of different student and organizational outcomes.
    Issue/Topic: School/District Structure/Operations--School Size
    Author(s): Cook-Smith, Nancy; Jantzi, Doris
    Organization(s): Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto; American Educational Research Association
    Publication: Review of Educational Research
    Season: Spring 2009
    Findings/Results:
    • Smaller schools are generally better for most purposes.


    • Smaller does not mean "really small." Smaller is a relative term. For example, in districts with secondary school size exceeding 2,500, smaller can mean as many...
    2009-04-01T00:00:00
    Low Birth Weight, Preschool Education, and School Remediatio...
    To investigate whether a high-quality preschool program can reduce the negative effects of low family income and low birth weight on the need for special education and grade retention.
    Issue/Topic: P-3 Evaluation/Economic Benefits
    Author(s): Reynolds, Arthur; Temple, Judy; Arteaga, Irma
    Organization(s): University of Minnesota Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs
    Publication: Education and Urban Society
    Published On: 2010
    Findings/Results:

    Low birth-weight and family risk factors.

    Contrary to results in many published studies, for urban children from low-income families, low birth weight is not a predictor of later special education services (low bi...

    2010-01-01T00:00:00
    Tripartite Growth Trajectories of Reading and Math Achieveme...
    To examine trends in American students' growth trajectories in reading and math achievement over the past three decades.
    Issue/Topic: Student Achievement; P-16 or P-20
    Author(s): Lee, Jaekyung
    Organization(s): State University of New York at Buffalo
    Publication: American Educational Research Journal
    Published On: 2010
    Findings/Results:

    1. American students may be gaining ground at the pre/early primary school level, holding ground at the middle school level, and losing ground at the high school level.

    2. The comparison of standardized reading and math gains clear...

    2010-01-01T00:00:00
    How Much Do Educational Outcomes Matter in OECD Countries?
    To examine whether improved human capital, measured by cognitive skills, has the potential for substantial improvements in the long term economic well-being of OECD countries
    Issue/Topic: Economic/Workforce Development--Value of an Education
    Author(s): Hanushek, Eric; Woessmann, Ludger
    Organization(s): Hoover Institution; Ifo Institute for Economic Research and CESifo
    Publication: National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper
    Published On: 2010
    Findings/Results:

    Education policy is closely associated with the long-term growth potentials of countries across the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

    • Cognitive skills are important for economic growth. Yet simply...
    2010-01-01T00:00:00
    If and When Money Matters: The Relationships among Education...
    To examine the relationships among educational expenditures, student engagement and learning outcomes for first-year students and seniors.
    Issue/Topic: Finance--Does Money Matter?; Postsecondary Finance--Performance-Based Funding
    Author(s): Pike, Gary; Kuh, George; McCormick, Alexander; Ethington, Corinna; Smart, John
    Organization(s): Indiana University Purdue University at Indianapolis; University of Memphis; University of Indiana
    Publication: Research in Higher Education
    Published On: 9/18/2010
    Findings/Results:
    • Expenditures were significantly and positively related to...first-year students' self-reported cognitive outcomes (in areas such as general education, writing and speaking effectively, quantitative analysis, and critical thinking).<...
    2010-09-18T00:00:00
    When Educators are the Learners: Private Contracting by Publ...
    To examine the role of social learning by assessing the extent to which school and district administrators choose to contract with private vendors with whom their peers previously had particularly good experiences.
    Issue/Topic: Education Research; Privatization
    Author(s): Forbes, Silke; Gordon, Nora
    Publication: National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper
    Published On: 2012
    Findings/Results:

    The authors find strong evidence that schools tend to contract with providers used by other schools in their own districts in the past, regardless of past performance. The authors even found no evidence of social learning among schools t...

    2012-01-01T00:00:00
    Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Interventions that Improve Hi...
    To describe the tool of cost-effectiveness analysis, to identify methodological challenges in its application, to present cost-effectiveness cost analyses of several programs, to demonstrate how cost-effectiveness comparisons can be used to inform decision-makers.
    Issue/Topic: High School; At-Risk (incl. Dropout Prevention)
    Author(s): Pan, Yilin; Belfield, Clive; Bowden, A.; Shand, Robert; Cheng, Henan; Hollands, Fiona; Levin, Henry; Hanisch-Cerda, Barbara
    Organization(s): Teachers College, Columbia University
    Publication: Teachers College, Columbia University
    Published On: 2012
    Findings/Results:
    • The cost to produce each extra high school completer through educational reforms such as interventions studied here are very high, ranging from $70,000 to $195,000 per completer excluding Talent Search.
    • Broadly, of ...
    2012-01-01T00:00:00
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