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Career and College Advice to the Forgotten Half: What do Cou...
To examine the career and college advice that high school counselors and vocational teachers give to the "forgotten half," students who are unlikely to seek a four-year degree.
Issue/Topic: High School; Counseling/Guidance
Author(s): Krei, Melinda; Rosenbaum, James
Organization(s): Educational Research and Consulting; Northwestern University
Publication: Teachers College Record
Published On: 10/1/2001
Findings/Results: Most of the counselors and teachers in the sample work in high schools that encourage them to push college attendance. Although both counselors and vocational teachers tend to encourage college for students who show any interest, the two gr...
2001-10-01T00:00:00
Courses Count: Preparing Students for Postsecondary Success
Why aren’t our students ready to succeed in postsecondary programs without remedial help when they leave high school?

NOTES FROM ECS: Important implications for policymakers who are considering changes to graduation requirements and other high school policies.
Issue/Topic: High School; Curriculum; High School--College Readiness
Author(s): ACT, Inc.
Season: Winter 2005
Findings/Results:
  • Some courses and course sequences better prepare students for postsecondary-level work than others, including: English 9 � 12; Algebra 1, Geometry, Algebra 2, and one or more upper level mathematics course; and Biology, Chemistry an...
  • 2005-12-01T00:00:00
    Deciding on Postsecondary Education: Final Report
    To gain a better understanding of data and information that are used and/or needed by students and potential students to assist them in making decisions about participation and choice in postsecondary education.
    Issue/Topic: Postsecondary Participation--Access/Outreach
    Author(s): MacAllum, Keith; Riggs, Angela; Queen, Barbara; Glover, Denise
    Season: Winter 2007
    Findings/Results:
    NOTE: Findings reflect focus group results and findings derived from the literature review.

    Stages of College Planning and Choice

    The Predisposition Stage
    The predisposition stage is the sel...
    2007-12-01T00:00:00
    School Strategies and the "College-Linking" Process: Reconsi...
    To reconsider the relationship between high schools and college enrollment by focusing on the strategies that schools use to facilitate transitions to college.
    Issue/Topic: High School; High School--College Readiness
    Author(s): Rumberger, Russell
    Organization(s): University of Michigan
    Publication: Sociology of Education
    Published On: 2008
    Findings/Results: The analysis identified three distinctive “college-linking” strategies: traditional, clearinghouse and brokering:

    1. Traditional strategy - the school acts as a link to the labor market for the majority of students and as a chann...
    2008-01-01T00:00:00
    ESL Placement and Schools: Effects on Immigrant Achievement
    To investigate the effect of ESL placement on immigrant achievement and how it varies across school contexts.
    Issue/Topic: English Language Learner/Bilingual
    Author(s): Callahan, Rebecca; Muller, Chandra; Frisco, Michelle; Wilkinson, Lindsey
    Organization(s): University of Georgia; University of Texas at Austin; Pennsylvania State University
    Publication: Educational Policy
    Published On: 2009
    Findings/Results:

    Low-immigrant-concentration ESL Schools:

    1. Immigrant students placed in ESL performed at significantly lower levels than their mainstreamed peers.
    2. The negative effect of ESL placement occurs primarily among first-genera...
    2009-01-01T00:00:00
    Dreams Deferred? The Relationship Between Early and Later Po...
    To determine the characteristics of students who increase, decrease and maintain educational aspirations between 10th and 12th grades; the extent that male and female students of differing racial/ethnic groups maintain postsecondary educational aspirations between 10th and 12th grades; variations in 12th-grade educational aspirations by race/ethnicity after controlling for other variables; and if certain additional constructs improve the explanatory power of the study's design.
    Issue/Topic: High School--College Readiness; Postsecondary Participation--Access/Outreach; Postsecondary Participation
    Author(s): Cooper, Michelle
    Publication: Educational Policy, Volume 23 Number 4
    Published On: 7/2/2009
    Findings/Results:

    What are the characteristics of students who increase, decrease and maintain educational aspirations between 10th and 12th grades?

    • This study finds that 76% of 10th grades in 2002 expected to earn at least a bachelor...
    2009-07-02T00:00:00
    Explaining Gaps in Readiness for College-Level Math: The Rol...
    To estimate how much of the racial, socioeconomical and gender gaps in high school and postsecondary outcomes are determined by the courses that students take while in high school.
    Issue/Topic: Curriculum--Mathematics; High School--College Readiness; Postsecondary Participation--Access/Outreach
    Author(s): Conger, Dylan; Long, Mark; Iatarola, Patrice
    Organization(s): Evans School, University of Washington; Department of Educational Leadership and Policy, Florida State University; Trachtenberg School of Public Policy and Public Administration, George Washington University
    Publication: Education Finance and Policy
    Season: Winter 2009
    Findings/Results:

    Less than half of the black and poor students and just over half of the Hispanic students in the sample were prepared for college-level math - far below the readiness rates for whites, Asian and nonpoor students.

    1. The courses ...
    2009-12-01T00:00:00
    Effects of High School Course-Taking on Secondary and Postse...
    To examine the association between students' high school course-taking in various subjects and their 10th-grade test scores, high school graduation, entry into postsecondary, and postsecondary performance.
    Issue/Topic: High School
    Author(s): Iatarola, Patrice; Conger, Dylan; Long, Mark
    Publication: American Educational Research Journal
    Published On: 2012
    Findings/Results:
    • There are substantial significant differences in outcomes for those who take rigorous courses, and these effects are often larger for disadvantaged youth and students attending disadvantaged schools.
    • Students who t...
    2012-01-01T00:00:00
    The Impact of GEAR UP on College Readiness for Students in L...
    To evaluate the impact of the Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Program (GEAR UP) on college readiness outcomes.
    Issue/Topic: High School--College Readiness
    Author(s): Bausmith, Jennifer; France, Megan
    Organization(s): The College Board; Santa Clara University Kenna Hall
    Publication: Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk (JESPAR)
    Published On: 2012
    Findings/Results: Overall, the GEAR UP program showed positive evidence of improving college readiness outcomes for low income students using a variety of college readiness measures.
    • Overall, schools that implemented the GEAR UP program saw a st...
    2012-01-01T00:00:00
    The Missing "One-Offs": The Hidden Supply of High-Achieving,...
    To discover why some low-income, high-achieving students base their college-going on income and others on achievement.
    Issue/Topic: Postsecondary Participation--Access/Outreach
    Author(s): Avery, Christopher; Hoxby, Caroline
    Organization(s): National Bureau of Economic Research
    Publication: National Bureau of Economic Research
    Published On: 2012
    Findings/Results:
    • Low-income, high-achieving students who apply to selective institutions are admitted and graduate at high rates.
    • Low-income, high-achieving students who choose not to apply to a selective college do not come from fa...
    2012-01-01T00:00:00
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