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FAQ(s): Teaching Quality: What metrics best measure teacher effectiveness?
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Information and Employee Evaluation: Evidence From a Randomi...
To examine how managers develop and use subjective evaluations, and how these processes are affected by the presence of objective performance data.
Issue/Topic: Teaching Quality--Evaluation and Effectiveness
Author(s): Lopes, Paulo; Staiger, Douglas; Rockoff, Jonah; Taylor, Eric
Organization(s): Columbia Business School; Harvard School of Education; Dartmouth College Department of Economics
Publication: National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper
Published On: 2010
Findings/Results:

The analysis was framed in the context of a learning model that suggests that school principals learn about the effectiveness of their teachers using imperfect information, and thus can be aided by the provision of value-added measures t...

2010-01-01T00:00:00
Identifying Effective Classroom Practices Using Student Achi...
To link student achievement gains to specific teaching practices and behaviors--as opposed to general judgments by principals.
Author(s): Kane, Thomas; Taylor, Eric; Tyler, John; Wooten, Amy
Organization(s): Harvard Graduate School of Education; Brown University
Publication: National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper
Published On: 2010
Findings/Results:

The results demonstrate relationships between practices measured in Cincinnati's Teacher Evaluation System (TES) and student achievement growth. During the TES process, teachers generally receive four evaluations throughout the school ye...

2010-01-01T00:00:00
Do Principals Fire the Worst Teachers?
To determine whether any teacher, principal or school characteristics are associated with the likelihood that a teacher will be dismissed.
Issue/Topic: Teaching Quality--Tenure or Continuing Contract
Author(s): Jacob, Brian
Organization(s): University of Michigan - Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy
Publication: National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper
Published On: 2010
Findings/Results:

Although many Chicago principals seemed reluctant to utilize the additional flexibility provided by the new policy, the findings show they considered teacher productivity, along with several demographic characteristics, in determining wh...

2010-01-01T00:00:00
Math and Science Academic Success in Three Large, Diverse, U...
To examine teachers', school leaders', and students' perceptions of three large, traditional urban Texas high schools that have been unusually successful in math and science, compared to similar Texas high schools
Issue/Topic: Student Achievement--Closing the Achievement Gap; Urban; Leadership
Author(s): McKenzie, Kathryn; Hawes, Daniel; Joseph, James; Skrla, Linda; Rice, Delores
Organization(s): Texas A&M University; Kent State University
Publication: Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk
Published On: 2011
Findings/Results:

The findings do not reveal a panacea for school success in math and science—no particular math or science curriculum, no particular professional development or teaching strategy, no extraordinary equipment or technology school-wide, a...

2011-01-01T00:00:00
The Long-Term Impacts of Teachers: Teacher Value-Added and S...
To determine 1) if differences in test-score gains across teachers measured by VA capture causal impacts of teachers or are driven primarily by student scoring and 2) if teachers who raise test scores improve their students' outcomes in adulthood or are simply better at teaching to the test.
Issue/Topic: Teaching Quality--Evaluation and Effectiveness
Author(s): Rockoff, Jonah; Friedman, John; Chetty, Raj
Publication: National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper
Published On: 2011
Findings/Results:
  • Teachers' impacts on students are substantial.

  • Great teachers create great value and test score impacts are helpful in identifying such teachers.

2011-01-01T00:00:00
Is PAR a Good Investment? Understanding the Costs and benefi...
To examine the costs and benefits of PAR, both financially and organizational.
Issue/Topic: Teaching Quality--Evaluation and Effectiveness
Author(s): Papay, John; Johnson, Susan
Publication: Educational Policy
Published On: 2011
Findings/Results:
  • Two main benefits of PAR have clear financial implications for districts: increased teacher retention and lower arbitration and dismissal costs.
    • Districts credit PAR with increasing retention substantially. This is...
2011-01-01T00:00:00
When Rater Reliability Is Not Enough: Teacher Observation Sy...
To illustrate how observational systems might be developed and improved by inclusion of not only observational instruments, but also of scoring designs capable of producing reliable and cost-efficient scores and processes for rater recruitment, training and certification
Issue/Topic: Teaching Quality--Evaluation and Effectiveness
Author(s): Hill, Heather; Kraft, Matthew; Charalambous, Charalambos
Organization(s): American Educational Research Association
Publication: Educational Researcher
Published On: 2012
Findings/Results:
  • For classroom observation to succeed in its aims, improved observational systems must be developed. These systems should include not only observational instruments but also scoring designs capable of producing reliable and cost-effi...
2012-01-01T00:00:00
Using Subject Test Scores Efficiently to Predict Teacher Val...
To test a simple model of teacher value-added to show how efficient use of information across subjects can improve the predictive validity of value-added models.
Issue/Topic: Teaching Quality--Evaluation and Effectiveness
Author(s): Sims, David; Lefgren, Lars
Publication: American Educational Research Association
Published On: 2/21/2012
Findings/Results:
  • For teachers who teach multiple subjects (e.g. elementary school teachers) and where limited data is available (1-2 years of data), using information on student achievement in two subjects increases the ability to predict value-...
2012-02-21T00:00:00
Leading via Teacher Evaluation: The Case of the Missing Clot...
To determine whether teacher evaluation is a good candidate to power school improvement and enhance student learning
Issue/Topic: Teaching Quality--Evaluation and Effectiveness
Author(s): Murphy, Joseph; Heck, Ronald; Hallinger, Philip
Publication: Educational Researcher
Published On: 2013
Findings/Results:
We should be cautious in accepting claims about the ability of teacher evaluation, even in its newest form, to power significant school improvement or effectively inform personnel decisions.

  • The effects of te...
2013-01-01T00:00:00
The Influence of Teachers' Knowledge on Student Learning in ...
To test two hypotheses: whether teachers’ knowledge of a science concept predicts student gains on that concept; and whether teachers’ knowledge of common student misperceptions to a concept they are teaching also predicts student gains on that concept.
Issue/Topic: Curriculum--Science; Teaching Quality--Preparation
Author(s): Sadler, Philip; Miller, Jaimie; Cook-Smith, Nancy; Sonnert, Gerhard; Coyle, Harold
Organization(s): Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
Publication: American Educational Research Journal
Published On: 2013
Findings/Results:
  • Subject matter knowledge is an important predictor of student learning.

  • Teachers who know their students' most common misconceptions are more effective than teachers who do not. This may allow teachers to cons...
2013-01-01T00:00:00
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